Research at Lake Baikal -- for the protection of a unique ecosystem As part of the Helmholtz Russia Research Group LaBeglo, UFZ researchers are studying the impact of climate change and environmental toxins on the lake's fauna. In a recent study, together with researchers from the Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Res
Scientists find secret to cell size in world's biggest food producer A gene controlling cell size has been identified in a microalgal group which underpins a fifth of the world's food chains.Scientists at The University of East Anglia (UEA) have discovered a gene which regulates the size of diatoms, which contribute 20 per
'Hindcasting' study investigates the extreme 2013 Colorado flood Using a publicly available climate model, Berkeley Lab researchers 'hindcast' the conditions that led to the Sept. 9-16, 2013 flooding around Boulder, Colo. and found that climate change attributed to human activity made the storm much more severe than wo
Could 'cocktail geoengineering' save the climate? Geoengineering is a catch-all term that refers to various theoretical ideas for altering Earth's energy balance to combat climate change. New research from an international team of atmospheric scientists published by Geophysical Research Letters investiga
Helping EU cities and regions cut carbon emissions A series of first-ever maps shows regional-scale differences in carbon footprints in the EU. The maps can help guide local and regional policies designed to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
New model projects an increase in dust storms in the US A new statistical model developed by researchers at Princeton University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicts that climate change will amplify dust activity in parts of the U.S. in the latter half of the 21st century, wh
Climate change: Biodiversity rescues biodiversity in a warmer world Climate change leads to loss of biodiversity worldwide. However, ecosystems with a higher biodiversity in the first place might be less affected a new study in Science Advances reports. An international research team found that when they experimentally wa
Why Japan's coastal zones might be disappearing due to climate change Climate change can cause a range of effects on coastal environments, such as a decrease in sediment supply, changes in the intensity and frequency of extreme events, and changes in sea levels and wave climate. The estimation of changes due to climate chan
Surging heat may limit aircraft takeoffs globally Rising temperatures due to global warming will make it harder for many aircraft around the world to take off in coming decades, says a new study. During the hottest parts of the day, 10 to 30 percent of fully loaded planes may have to remove some fuel, ca
Seaside sparrows caught between predators and rising seas Sea-level rise is a problem for saltmarsh birds, but so is predation, and birds sometimes find themselves caught between two threats: They can nest lower in vegetation to avoid predators, putting them at risk of flooding, or move up to keep dry but risk g
Making two out of one In view of climate change it has become important to significantly increase the efficiency of organic solar cells. In a process known as 'singlet fission,' one photon simultaneously excites two electrons. If this effect can be exploited, it may well be po
Extreme low-oxygen eddies in the Atlantic produce greenhouse gases In 2014, an international research team led by the Kiel Cluster of Excellence 'The Future Ocean' and the GEOMAR Kiel was able to investigate in detail eddies in the Atlantic Ocean which were characterized by extremely low oxygen concentrations. The interd
The Ii Hamina cemetery reveals adaptation to the environment The medieval cemetery in Ii Hamina in northern Finland on the Iijoki river was originally discovered by accident. A recent study examined the isotope compositions of the teeth of the dead. It turned out that the population in the small village survived th
Recruiting manganese to upgrade carbon dioxide OIST researchers developed simple catalysts based on Earth-abundant manganese to use carbon dioxide for energy storage or turn it into useful chemicals for the industry.
Falling sea level caused volcanos to overflow During the transition to the last ice age approximately 80,000 years ago global temperature declined, while the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere remained relatively stable. An international research team led by the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocea
Climate change threatens domestic bee species Global warming changes the flowering times of plants and the moment when bees hatch -- sometimes with severe consequences for the bees. This was shown by a new study conducted by ecologists from the University of Würzburg.
California projected to get wetter through this century Under business-as-usual greenhouse gas emissions, climate models predict California will get warmer during the rest of the century and most also predict the state will get drier. But, new research published in Nature Communications predicts California wil
Figuring out how fast Greenland is melting A new analysis of Greenland's past temperatures will help determine how fast the island's vast ice sheet is melting. Other research shows the accelerated melting of Greenland's ice sheet is contributing to sea level rise. The new study provides the most a
Greener molecular intermediates may aid drug design Rice University scientists simplify their method to make molecular precursors for biologically active compounds, making it more environmentally friendly in the process. The new technique could be a boon to researchers who synthesize new drugs and other fi
Reconciling predictions of climate change Harvard researchers have resolved a major conflict in estimates of how much the Earth will warm in response to a doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere -- finding that the lower range of estimates offered by historical observations does not take into account l
Remote Amazonian cities more vulnerable to climate change Roadless cities have been found to be more vulnerable to the effects of flooding, because they tend to be less-developed and have inadequate sanitation, exposing inhabitants to environmental pollution and contaminated water.
Ancient fungi could help Canada's future northern forests As Canada's vast boreal and tundra ecosystems experience dramatic warming due to climate change, trees are rapidly spreading north. New research from UBC's Okanagan Campus suggests some of these trees could be getting help from a surprising source: fungi
Power to the people The first rule of advocating for climate change-related legislation is: You do not talk about 'climate change.' The term has become so polarizing that its mere mention can cause reasonable people to draw seemingly immutable lines in the political sand.
Climate change impacts Antarctic biodiversity habitat Ice-free areas of Antarctica -- home to more than 99 percent of the continent's terrestrial plants and animals -- could expand by more than 17,000 km2 by the end of this century, a study published today in Nature reveals.Led by University of Queensland Sc
'Scary': CO2 Rates Climb Even as Emissions Stabilize <div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="schema:author">Julia Conley, staff writer</d
The beach time capsule And to think it was all right there in her garage.A load of boxes pulled from biologist Dale Straughan's home yielded a veritable treasure trove for UC Santa Barbara researchers studying the impact of climate change on coastal biodiversity in California.
Rising seas could result in 2 billion refugees by 2100 In the year 2100, 2 billion people -- about one-fifth of the world's population -- could become climate change refugees due to rising ocean levels. Those who once lived on coastlines will face displacement and resettlement bottlenecks as they seek habitab
Panda love spreads to benefit the planet Loving pandas isn't just a feel-good activity. Recent Michigan State University (MSU) work shows China's decades of defending panda turf have been good not just for the beloved bears, but also protects habitat for other valuable plants and animals, boosts
How the climate can rapidly change at tipping points During the last glacial period, within only a few decades the influence of atmospheric CO2 on the North Atlantic circulation resulted in temperature increases of up to 10 degrees Celsius in Greenland -- as indicated by new climate calculations from resear
Deceleration of runaway electrons paves the way for fusion power Fusion power has the potential to provide clean and safe energy that is free from carbon dioxide emissions. However, imitating the solar energy process is a difficult task to achieve. Two young plasma physicists at Chalmers University of Technology have n
Warming temperatures threaten sea turtles This research suggests that that warmer temperatures associated with climate change may lead to higher numbers of female sea turtles and increased nest failure.
Accelerating rate of temperature rise in the Pyrenees The Iberian Peninsula is undergoing climate change, with temperatures on the rise, and mountain ranges are not exempt from this trend. A team of scientists has analysed regional climate series from the Central Pyrenees for 1910 to 2013 (the most extensive
New catalyst paves way for carbon neutral fuel Australian scientists have paved the way for carbon neutral fuel with the development of a new efficient catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air into synthetic natural gas in a 'clean' process using solar energy.
Discovery could lead to sustainable ethanol made from carbon dioxide A recent discovery by Stanford University scientists could lead to a new, more sustainable way to make ethanol without corn or other crops. This promising technology has three basic components: water, carbon dioxide and electricity delivered through a cop
Deadly heatwaves will continue to rise, according to study Seventy-four percent of the world's population will be exposed to deadly heatwaves by 2100 if carbon gas emissions continue to rise at current rates, according to a study published in Nature Climate Change. Even if emissions are aggressively reduced, the
Earning a living in a changing climate -- the plant perspective Some of the world's plants are using 'last-stand' strategies to survive rather than thrive as global climate change gathers apace. Ecologists assessed plant strategies in less suitable climates by tapping into big data collated from 16 different countries
Scientists make plastic from sugar and carbon dioxide Some biodegradable plastics could in the future be made using sugar and carbon dioxide, replacing unsustainable plastics made from crude oil, following research by scientists from the Centre for Sustainable Chemical Technologies (CSCT) at the University o
Climate change risk for animals living in prime conditions The study examined whether birds might be able to evolve to adapt to changes to the natural environment within their range -- the geographical area where the birds nest, feed, migrate and hibernate over the course of their lifetimes.
Understanding multi-decadal global warming rate changes The multi-decadal global warming rate changes are primarily attributed to multiple ocean surface temperature changes, according to research by CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics and Australian Bureau of Meteorology and it is the net impact of multiple o
Nanotechnology reveals hidden depths of bacterial 'machines' New research from the University of Liverpool, published in the journal Nanoscale, has probed the structure and material properties of protein machines in bacteria, which have the capacity to convert carbon dioxide into sugar through photosynthesis.
Data from satellite imagery useful for malaria early warning systems Researchers in Sweden have developed a model that uses seasonal weather data from satellite images to accurately predict outbreak of malaria with a one-month lead time. With the model, a host of weather information gathered from satellite images can be us