Arctic seabird populations respond to climate change Seabirds such as gulls can be key indicators of environmental change as their populations respond to shifts in their ocean habitat over time. A new study from The Auk: Ornithological Advances investigates how several species have responded to changing env
California water managers vary in use of climate science Lack of climate change adaptation among water utilities can put water supplies and the people dependent on them at risk, especially in marginalized communities, a new University of California, Davis, paper suggests.
Warmer ocean, warmer winter Eurasian climate Studies on the contribution of global oceanic warming to winter Eurasian climate change show that there are warmer winters in Europe and the northern part of East Asia.
Trees and climate change: Faster growth, lighter wood Trees are growing more rapidly due to climate change. This sounds like good news. After all, this means that trees are storing more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in their wood and hence taking away the key ingredient in global warming. But is it that
2018-2022 expected to be abnormally hot years This summer's worldwide heatwave makes 2018 a particularly hot year. As will be the next few years, according to a study led by Florian Sévellec, researcher at CNRS and at the University of Southampton, and published in the Aug. 14, 2018, edition of
Converting carbon dioxide into methane or ethane selectively Korean researchers developed high-efficiency photocatalysts that convert carbon dioxide into methane or ethane with graphene-covered reduced titanium dioxide. The finding is expected to be utilized in the carbon dioxide reduction and recycling industries.
Back to the future of climate change Researchers at Syracuse University are looking to the geologic past to make future projections about climate change. Their research focuses on the ancient Tethys Ocean (site of the present-day Mediterranean Sea) and provides a benchmark for present and fu
There and back again: Mantle xenon has a story to tell Volatiles -- such as water, carbon dioxide and the noble gases -- come out of the earth's interior through volcanism and may be injected into the mantle from the atmosphere, a pair of processes called mantle degassing and regassing. The exchange controls
Carbon dioxide levels on flight deck affect airline pilot performance Commercial airline pilots were significantly better at performing advanced maneuvers in a flight simulator when carbon dioxide levels on the flight deck were 700 ppm and 1500 ppm than when they were 2,500 ppm, according to new research led by Harvard T.H.
Children are highly vulnerable to health risks of a changing climate Children and adolescents are more vulnerable to climate-related disasters because of their anatomic, cognitive, immunologic, and psychologic differences compared to adults. Researchers set out some specific challenges associated with the impacts of climat
Could climate change affect the development of Turkic Khaganate? The most important economic and political events in the history of the Turkic Kaganate (VI-VIII centuries AD) were affected by climatic disasters. Such conclusions were made by the assistant professor of the Department Russian History of Russia, Ural Fede
Wetter soil is leading to reduced methane gas absorption A new paper from researchers at the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC) at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York finds that the existing effects of global warming are decreasing the soil's ability to absorb methane gas. The paper deta
Mapping blue carbon in mangroves worldwide Mangroves are tropical forests that thrive in salt water and found in a variety of coastal settings worldwide. Mangroves store greater amounts of carbon than any other terrestrial ecosystem, which helps reduce carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases in the at
New study shows some corals might adapt to climate changes New research shows that not all corals respond the same to changes in climate. The University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led study looked at the sensitivity of two types of corals found in Florida and the Caribbean a
Degrading plastics revealed as source of greenhouse gases Researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) discovered that several greenhouse gases are emitted as common plastics degrade in the environment.
As temperatures rise, Earth's soil is 'breathing' more heavily The vast reservoir of carbon stored beneath our feet is entering Earth's atmosphere at an increasing rate, according to a new study in the journal Nature. Blame microbes: When they chew on decaying leaves and dead plants, they convert a storehouse of carb
China could face deadly heat waves due to climate change The North China Plain, a region that holds one of the biggest concentrations of people on Earth, could be pushing against the boundaries of habitability by the latter part of this century due to global warming, an MIT study shows.
Mars terraforming not possible using present-day technology Science fiction writers have long featured terraforming, the process of creating an Earth-like or habitable environment on another planet, in their stories. Scientists themselves have proposed terraforming to enable the long-term colonization of Mars. A s
Deglacial changes in western Atlantic Ocean circulation A new study carried out by an international team of researchers, using the chemistry of ocean sediments has highlighted a widespread picture of Atlantic circulation changes associated with rapid climate change in the past.
ASU study finds animals can use muscle as an internal water source A new Arizona State University study shows for the first time that animals may be able to use their own muscles to get water when it's not available. As our climate changes, the availability of water is also changing, leaving animals with limited or unrel
Reducing the uncertainty of climate projections Errors in climate models due to inadequate calculations of radiative forcing undermine researchers' ability to address important climate-related questions, including how much the atmosphere will warm as more and more carbon dioxide (CO2) is released.
To keep more carbon on the ground, halting farmland expansion is key The conversion of forests to farmland is recognized as a major contributor to rising levels of greenhouse gases. And yet it hasn't been clear how to best minimize the loss of sequestered carbon into the atmosphere. Researchers reporting in Current Biology
Research shows climate change affects recreational behavior Research at the University of New Hampshire shows that as unfavorable water quality conditions in lakes continue to rise, anglers, boaters and beach goers are using various coping mechanisms that can alter their behavior, from switching to a different loc
Coldwater streams may provide refuge against changing climate Coldwater stream habitats are vulnerable to effects of climate change, particularly to changes in precipitation and air temperatures that alter their hydrology. Some streams are more likely to act as coldwater refugia -- areas buffered from climate change
Increases in westerly winds weaken the Southern Ocean carbon sink A new study of lake sediments from the sub-Antarctic reveals for the first time that increases in westerly winds are likely to reduce the ability of the Southern Ocean to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The results are significant as the Southe
A 'fingerprint' for anthropogenic climate change in a new place Adding to evidence attributing observed atmospheric changes to manmade influences, climate scientists leveraging satellite data from recent decades have identified a human 'fingerprint' on Earth's atmosphere in a new place: the troposphere, or, the lowest
Cities as study proxies for climate change Cities can serve as useful proxies to study and predict the effects of climate change, according to a North Carolina State University research review that tracks urbanization's effects on plant and insect species.
Scientists lack vital knowledge on rapid Arctic climate change Arctic climate change research relies on field measurements and samples that are too scarce, and patchy at best, according to a comprehensive review study from Lund University in Sweden. The researchers looked at thousands of scientific studies, and found
Splitting water: Nanoscale imaging yields key insights In the quest to realize artificial photosynthesis to convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into fuel -- just as plants do -- researchers need to not only identify materials to efficiently perform photoelectrochemical water splitting, but also to und
What psychological science can offer to reducing climate change The consequences of climate change are immense, and believed by many experts to be largely irreversible (and exponential), causing threats coming from heat waves, flooding, declines in agriculture, and decreasing biodiversity, to name a few. Given that cl
A scientist's final paper looks toward earth's future climate A NASA scientist's final scientific paper, published posthumously this month, reveals new insights into one of the most complex challenges of Earth's climate: understanding and predicting future atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases and the role of the o
Thawing permafrost microbiomes fuel climate change A University of Queensland-led international study could lead to more accurate predictions or the rate of global warming from greenhouse gas emissions produced by thawing permafrost in the next 100 years.The study of the microorganisms involved in permafr
How gold nanoparticles could improve solar energy storage Star-shaped gold nanoparticles, coated with a semiconductor, can produce hydrogen from water over four times more efficiently than other methods - opening the door to improved storage of solar energy and other advances that could boost renewable energy us
University of Montana ecology professor helps map climate corridors The corridors of land vital for many wildlife species in the face of climate change often are unprotected. Now, a recently published study from a University of Montana ecology professor and other researchers has tracked these shifting North American habit
Tiny fern holds big environmental promise A tiny fern -- with each leaf the size of a gnat -- may provide global impact for sinking atmospheric carbon dioxide, fixing nitrogen in agriculture and shooing pesky insects from crops. The fern's full genome has been sequenced by a Cornell University an
Game changing game changes Using stochastic games to analyze evolution of cooperation, leads to a surprising discovery. The tragedy of the commons is resolved if the environment deteriorates in response to defection. The new approach offers invaluable insight into how cooperation p
Stormwater ponds not a major source of greenhouse gas emissions Stormwater retention ponds, a ubiquitous feature in urban landscapes, are not a significant source of climate-warming nitrous oxide emissions, a new Duke-led study finds. Nitrous oxide is a potent greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming and dest
Charcoal: Major missing piece in the global carbon cycle Most of the carbon resulting from wildfires and fossil fuel combustion is rapidly released into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now shown that the leftover residue, so-called black carbon, can age for millenn
Expansion of agricultural land reduces CO2 absorption Plants absorb some of the carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels. But increasing deforestation and other changes in land use will reduce the CO2 absorption capacity of these areas in the future. This is what a study by c
What does global climate have to do with erosion rates? Geoscientists have been intrigued by a potential link between erosion rates at the Earth's surface and changes in global climate. A new study now calls into question this link. A team of researchers re-examined 30 locations with reported accelerated erosi
In a warming world, could air conditioning make things worse? As climate change continues to push summer temperatures ever higher, the increased use of air conditioning in buildings could add to the problems of a warming world by further degrading air quality and compounding the toll of air pollution on human health
Climate change and health: A special issue in PLOS Medicine This week, we see the first papers in PLOS Medicine's Special Issue on Climate Change and Health being published, advised by Guest Editors Jonathan Patz of the Global Health Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the John P. Holton Chair in
How mangroves help keep the planet cool In a new global framework, scientists have developed a more accurate assessment of how mangroves store carbon in their soil. The researchers found that previous studies have underestimated the blue carbon levels in mangroves by up to 50 percent in some re
Climate change is making night-shining clouds more visible Increased water vapor in Earth's atmosphere due to human activities is making shimmering high-altitude clouds more visible, a new study finds. The results suggest these strange but increasingly common clouds seen only on summer nights are an indicator of
Carbon dioxide-to-methanol process improved by catalyst Dramatic improvements have been made to the process of converting carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, to methanol, a fuel and building block for a wide range of everyday materials, according to Penn State researchers.
Smartphones used to track migrations caused by climate change Spanish researchers have developed a system that tracks human displacement caused by climate change using the tracks of mobile phones. With this model, which was tested during a severe drought in Colombia in 2014, it was determined that the portion of the
Path to zero emissions starts out easy, but gets steep Carbon dioxide emissions from human activities must approach zero within several decades to avoid risking grave damage from the effects of climate change. This will require creativity and innovation, because some types of industrial sources of atmospheri
Reducing CO2 with common elements and sunlight An international collaborative research group including Tokyo Institute of Technology, Universite PARIS DIDEROT and CNRS has discovered that CO2 is selectively reducedto CO when a photocatalyst composed of an organic semiconductor material and an iron com
UK urban forest can store as much carbon as tropical rainforests Pockets of urban forest can contain as much carbon as tropical rainforests, according to new research led by UCL. Protecting and planting urban forests is central to building liveable and sustainable cities in a future where global populations are set to
Envisioning a future where all the trees in Europe disappear Global climate change is already affecting the planet, as demonstrated by the shrinking polar ice cap, melting glaciers and cities in the grips of longer, more intense heat waves. Now a team of researchers has conducted a radical thought experiment on how
Innovative autonomous system for identifying schools of fish The University of Haifa (Israel) and two teams from the IMDEA Networks Institute have developed an innovative autonomous system, SYMBIOSIS, to monitor real-time schools of fish. This system, which combines optical and acoustic technologies, will be enviro
Heated dilemmas Short-term management responses to climate change-mediated disasters can be maladaptive in the long-term.
Machine learning may be a game-changer for climate prediction New research from Columbia Engineering Professor Pierre Gentine demonstrates that machine-learning techniques can be used to accurately represent clouds and their atmospheric heating and moistening, and better represent clouds in coarse resolution climate