Converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water, electricity Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis have determined how electrocatalysts can convert carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water and electricity. The discovery can lead to the developme
Watching plant photosynthesis...from space University of Sydney and NASA have developed a revolutionary technique to image plant photosynthesis using satellite-based remote-sensing, with potential applications in climate change monitoring. The uptake of carbon dioxide by leaves and its conversion
Satellites map photosynthesis at high resolution Life on Earth is impossible without photosynthesis. It provides food and oxygen to all higher life forms and plays an important role in the climate system, since this process regulates the uptake of carbon dioxide from the Earth's atmosphere and its fixat
The costs of transporting petroleum products by pipelines and rail While the policy debate surrounding crude oil transportation costs has emphasized accidents and spills, a new study by Carnegie Mellon University and University of Pittsburgh researchers indicates the debate is overlooking a far more serious external cost
How global warming is drying up the North American monsoon Previous researchers had concluded that global warming was simply delaying the North American monsoon, which brings summer rains to the southwestern US and northwestern Mexico. But a new, high-resolution climate model that corrects for persistent sea sur
Huge energy potential in open ocean wind farms in the North Atlantic Because wind speeds are higher on average over ocean than over land, wind turbines in the open ocean could in theory intercept more than five times as much energy as wind turbines over land. This presents an enticing opportunity for generating renewable e
Climate solution in soil? The land under our feet and the plant matter it contains could offset a significant amount of carbon emissions if managed properly. More research is needed to unlock soil's potential to mitigate global warming, improve crop yields and increase resilience
New nanomaterial can extract hydrogen fuel from seawater A new hybrid nanomaterial harvests solar energy and uses it to extract hydrogen from seawater, cheaply and efficiently. Future commercialization could mean a new source of environmentally friendly fuel and less dependence on fossil fuels.
UTA study sheds new light on evolution Research from the University of Texas at Arlington and the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology suggests that hydrogen, oxygen, water and carbon dioxide are being generated in the earth's mantle hundreds of kilometers below the Earth's surface.
Win-win strategies for climate and food security Efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture and forestry sectors could lead to increased food prices -- but new research identifies strategies that could help mitigate climate change while avoiding steep hikes in food prices.
Climate's effects on flowers critical for bumble bees In a study that shows the importance of climate change on critical pollinators, North Carolina State University researchers found that earlier and longer flowering seasons can have poor effects on the bumble bees that rely on these flowers to live and thr
The economic case for climate action in the United States Economic losses from Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria and 76 wildfires in nine Western states, intensified by human-induced climate change, will be the most costly combined weather events in US history.When the final accounting is completed, the economic
Climate insurance is rarely well thought out in agriculture Internationally subsidised agricultural insurance is intended to protect farmers in developing countries from the effects of climate change. However, it can also lead to undesirable ecological and social side effects, as UFZ researchers and their colleagu
Getting the measure of mud For the first time, researchers have been able to use mud deposited on the depths of the ocean floor to measure changes in the speed of deep-sea currents. Using mud as a current meter could help scientists to identify fluctuating patterns in ocean current
Climate change can goad volcanoes into life Geologists from UNIGE, working with the University of Orléans, University Pierre and Marie Curie and the ICTJA-CSIC Institute analyzed volcanic data from the Messinian salinity crisis in the Mediterranean Sea, when the Strait of Gibraltar was blocked
Understanding the dance to save the dance Plant-pollinator relationships are vital to our natural and agricultural ecosystems, with an incredible amount of food crops worldwide dependent on plant-pollinator interaction success. But the advancement of climate change is disrupting plant-pollinator
Copper catalyst yields high efficiency CO2-to-fuels conversion Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a new electrocatalyst that can directly convert carbon dioxide into multicarbon fuels and alcohols using record-low inputs of energy. The work is the latest in a round of studies coming out of Berkeley Lab tackling t
Solar-to-fuel system recycles CO2 to make ethanol and ethylene Berkeley Lab scientists have harnessed the power of photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide into fuels and alcohols at efficiencies far greater than plants. The achievement marks a significant advance in the effort to move toward sustainable sources of f
Climate change challenges the survival of fish across the world University of Washington researchers have published the first analysis looking at how vulnerable the world's freshwater and marine fishes are to climate change. Their paper, appearing online Sept. 11 in Nature Climate Change, used physiological data to pr
Earth's oldest trees in climate-induced race up the tree line Bristlecone pine and limber pine trees in the Great Basin region of the western United States are like two very gnarled, old men in a slow-motion race up the mountaintop, and climate change is the starting gun, according to a study from the University of
New method for identifying carbon compounds derived from fossil fuels Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a laboratory instrument that will greatly reduce the cost of analyzing carbon isotopes. Among other things, this will allow scientists to measure how much of the carbon
Historic legacies affect climate change survival in Caribbean In a new paper published this week, Dr Sealey-Huggins finds that discussion of climate change has failed to pay enough attention to the social, political and historic factors which increase the vulnerability of Caribbean societies, and calls for a new app
Rising CO2 leading to changes in land plant photosynthesis Researchers led by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego have determined that major changes in plant behavior have occurred over the past 40 years, using measurements of subtle changes in the carbon dioxide (CO2) cu
Urban climate change Southern cities such as Houston and Tampa -- which faced the wrath of hurricanes Harvey and Irma, respectively -- may not be the only urban environments vulnerable to extreme weather. Northern cities also face the potential for flooding as global temperat
Desert locusts: New risks in the light of climate change The desert locust is an invasive species that is both well known and feared because of the large-scale agricultural damage it can cause. It is particularly closely monitored, to prevent the risks of outbreaks and invasions. Climate change could modify its
Ancient wetlands offer window into climate change Environmental researchers have uncovered a wealth of information about a unique part of Australia that offers never-before-seen insights into climate change since the last ice age.
Hints from hemoglobin lead to better carbon monoxide storage Highly porous metal-organic frameworks have proved ideal for storing many chemicals, from carbon dioxide and hydrogen to water. A new tweak to MOFs has now produced a highly selective material for adsorbing carbon monoxide, which is used in many industria
Climate change for aliens For more than 50 years, the Kardashev scale has been the gold standard for classifying hypothetical 'exo-civilizations' by their ability to harness energy. A team of researchers led by Rochester astrophysicist Adam Frank have devised a new system that tak
Cloud formation suppressed by biogenic organic emissions Researchers have found evidence that near-ground biogenic emissions of organics suppress cloud formation in cool-temperate forests in autumn, providing clues to how global warming will affect cloud formation and the overall climate.
Deforestation long overlooked as contributor to climate change When it comes to tackling climate change, the focus often falls on reducing the use of fossil fuels and developing sustainable energy sources. But a new Cornell University study shows that deforestation and subsequent use of lands for agriculture or pastu
Can corals survive climate change? A group of international scientists, including scientists from Australia, have issued advice that more research is urgently required to determine whether corals can acclimate and adapt to the rapid pace of climate change.
Coming soon to Montreal: The infrastructure cost of climate change The climate of the city is changing and will continue to do so at a rapidly increasing rate and with much more spatial variability in the future.That's according to new research from Concordia's Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering.
NASA scientists seek to improve sea ice predictions Sea ice in the Arctic Ocean is in a downward spiral, with summer minimum extents about 40 percent smaller than in the 1980s. But predicting how the sea ice is going to behave in a particular year is tricky: There are still many unknowns about the conditio
A new method used to generate ensemble initial perturbations In the past two decades, ensemble forecasting has been developed substantially to become a powerful approach that improves numerical weather prediction. Recently, data assimilation schemes were combined with the dynamical methods to better sample the anal
Volcanic eruptions drove ancient global warming event A natural global warming event that took place 56 million years ago was triggered almost entirely by volcanic eruptions that occurred as Greenland separated from Europe during the opening of the North Atlantic Ocean, according to an international team of
Caspian Sea evaporating as temperatures rise, study finds Earth's largest inland body of water has been slowly evaporating for the past two decades due to rising temperatures associated with climate change, a new study finds. Water levels in the Caspian Sea dropped nearly 7 centimeters (3 inches) per year from 1
Algae fortifies coral reefs in past and present The Great Barrier Reef, and most other large reefs around the world, owe their bulk in large part to a type of red algae that grows on corals and strengthens them. New research led by Anna Weiss, a Ph.D. candidate at The University of Texas at Austin Jack
Oil and gas wells as a strong source of greenhouse gases Boreholes in the North Sea could constitute a significantly more important source of methane, a strong greenhouse gas, than previously thought. This is shown by a new study of the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel recently published in the i
Climate may quickly drive forest-eating beetles north, says study Over the next few decades, global warming-related rises in winter temperatures could significantly extend the range of the southern pine beetle, one of the world's most aggressive tree-killing insects, through much of the northern United States and southe
Electricity consumption in Europe will shift under climate change Rising temperatures due to greenhouse gas emissions will fundamentally change electricity consumption patterns in Europe. A team of scientists from Germany and the United States now analyzed what unchecked future warming means for Europe's electricity dem
Fossils reveal how bizarre mammal beat extinction Animals that live on islands are among the most at risk from extinction. A remarkable eighty percent of extinctions occurring since 1500AD have been on islands, with inhabitants facing dangers from climate change, sea level rise, invasive species, and hum
Amid environmental change, lakes surprisingly static In recent decades, change has defined our environment in the United States. Agriculture intensified. Urban areas sprawled. The climate warmed. Intense rainstorms became more common. But, says a new University of Wisconsin-Madison study, while those kinds
Climate game changer New research from University of Alberta and University of Vienna microbiologists provides unparalleled insight into the Earth's nitrogen cycle, identifying and characterizing the ammonia-oxidizing microbe, Nitrospira inopinata.
Peas that like it hot As the global climate changes and temperatures continue to rise, heat stress is becoming a major limiting factor for pea cultivation. A new study indicates that pea plants with some specific traits -- such as longer flowering time and higher pod numbers -
Climate change and habitat conversion combine to homogenize nature Climate change and habitat conversion to agriculture are working together to homogenize nature, indicates a study in the journal Global Change Biology led by the University of California, Davis. In other words, the more things change, the more they are th
Drilling begins at Preston New Road Friends of the Earth and community campaigners are calling on Greg Clark MP, the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, not to give final consent to allow fracking to go ahead in Lancashire, as drilling is reported at Preston New
How future volcanic eruptions will impact Earth's ozone layer The next major volcanic eruption could kick-start chemical reactions that would seriously damage the planet's already besieged ozone layer. The extent of damage to the ozone layer that results from a large, explosive eruption depends on complex atmospheri
Going 'green' with plant-based resins Airplanes, electronics and solar cells are all in demand, but the materials holding these items together -- epoxy thermosets -- are not environmentally friendly. Now, a group reports in ACS' journal Macromolecules that they have created a plant-based ther
Russian scientists deny climate model of IPCC Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University revealed new data on accelerating permafrost degradation in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf, which really threatens by huge emissions of bubble methane into the atmosphere and breaks the climate model of the Int
Ozone treaty taking a bite out of US greenhouse gas emissions The Montreal Protocol, the international treaty adopted to restore Earth's protective ozone layer in 1989, has significantly reduced emissions of ozone-depleting chemicals from the United States. In a twist, a new study shows the 30-year old treaty has ha
Climate change shifts timing of European floods A linkage between climate change and floods has been identified using a river flow dataset of unparalleled scale and diversity. This is the first time this link has been demonstrated at a continental scale using observational data.