Feeling the heat How has thermal comfort changed in recent decades over China against the background of the global warming? Scientists carried out an investigation over the Chinese mainland using the index of effective temperature (ET), which combines the effects of tempe
Scientists examine impact of high-severity fires on conifer forests The ability of some Western conifer forests to recover after severe fire may become increasingly limited as the climate continues to warm, scientists from the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) and Harvard Forest found in a new study publis
Several EPA programs face possible elimination under Trump proposal The Trump administration's proposed plan for the US Environmental Protection Agency includes completely defunding several programs related to climate change, public health and pollution, according to an internal agency memo that was leaked to the media la
Predicting the movement and impacts of microplastic pollution Microplastics, which are particles measuring less than 5 mm, are of increasing concern. They not only become more relevant as other plastic marine litter breaks down into tiny particles, they also interact with species in a range of marine habitats. A stu
Climate change predicted to increase Nile flow variability The unpredictable annual flow of the Nile River is legendary, as evidenced by the story of Joseph and the Pharaoh, whose dream foretold seven years of abundance followed by seven years of famine in a land whose agriculture was, and still is, utterly depen
Climate change clues revealed by ice sheet collapse The rapid decline of ancient ice sheets could help scientists predict the impact of modern-day climate and sea-level change, according to research by the universities of Stirling in Scotland and Tromsø in Norway.
New research unlocks forests' potential in climate change mitigation For the first time, scientists have created a global map measuring the cooling effect forests generate by regulating the exchange of water and energy between the Earth's surface and the atmosphere. The information offers a valuable new tool in efforts to
Universities release results on nitrogen footprints Researchers have developed a large-scale method for calculating the nitrogen footprint of a university in the pursuit of reducing nitrogen pollution, which is linked to a cascade of negative impacts on the environment and human health, such as biodiversit
Can barnacle geese predict the climate? The breeding grounds of Arctic migratory birds such as the barnacle goose are changing rapidly due to accelerated warming in the polar regions. They won't be able to keep up with this climate change unless they can somehow anticipate it. A research team f
Study on impact of climate change on snowpack loss in Western US An international team of scientists, including one from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, has found that up to 20 percent loss in the annual maximum amount of water contained in the Western United States' mountain snowpack in the last three decades
Cover crops may be used to mitigate and adapt to climate change Cover crops long have been touted for their ability to reduce erosion, fix atmospheric nitrogen, reduce nitrogen leaching and improve soil health, but they also may play an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change on agriculture.
Banned industrial solvent sheds new light on methane mystery Since 2007, scientists have been searching to find the cause of a sudden and unexpected global rise in atmospheric methane, a potent greenhouse gas, following almost a decade in which concentrations had stayed relatively constant.
Methane seeps in the Canadian high Arctic Cretaceous climate warming led to a significant methane release from the seafloor, indicating potential for similar destabilization of gas hydrates under modern global warming. A field campaign on the remote Ellef Ringnes Island, Canadian High Arctic, dis
New study emphasizes the relative scarcity of lake water What is the volume of water in lakes on Earth? Using a mathematical analysis, researcher David Seekell, at Umeå University, and his American collaborators now suggest that the mean depth of lakes is 30 percent lower than previously estimated. Shallow
Next 10 years critical for achieving climate change goals In order to have a good chance of meeting the limits set by the Paris Agreement, it will be necessary to both reduce greenhouse gas emissions while preserving carbon sinks, with net emissions peaking in the next 10 years, according to a new study.
New night lights maps open up possible real-time applications New global maps of Earth at night provide the clearest-ever composite view of the patterns of human settlement across our planet. The NASA team is also now automating nighttime imagery processing to make the data available within hours of acquisition -- p
All in one against CO2 A 'self-heating' boron catalyst that makes particularly efficient use of sunlight to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) serves as a light harvester, photothermal converter, hydrogen generator, and catalyst in one. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, researchers in
Assessing the impact of climate risks on the financial system Climate change brings new risks for financial investments, in particular for pension funds. An international research team coordinated by the University of Zurich has developed a 'climate stress-test' for financial institutions. Results suggest that while
When peaceful coexistence suddenly turns into competition Biologists agree that climate change reduces biological diversity. The specific processes that ultimately cause species to go extinct have, however, been little studied so far. Scientists at the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) a
When old growth beats old school A fifteen-year study in Vermont shows that imitating old-growth forests enhances carbon storage in managed forestland far better than conventional forestry techniques. The new approach holds promise for landowners aiming to profit in carbon markets or con
Performance of the RegCM4 regional climate model over China The RegCM series of models are widely used throughout the world and in China. Applications range from paleo and present-day climate simulation, to mechanistic analyses, studies of atmospheric chemistry and aerosols, and climate change projections. Recentl
Paintings, sunspots and frost fairs: Rethinking the Little Ice Age The whole concept of the 'Little Ice Age' is 'misleading,' as the changes were small-scale, seasonal and insignificant compared with present-day global warming, a group of solar and climate scientists argue. The new work, led by Prof Mike Lockwood of the
A step forward to making crops drought tolerant QUT researchers are part of an international consortium of researchers whose work hopes to future-proof crops against the impacts of global climate change. The researchers have sequenced the genome of the 'resurrection plant' Xerophyta viscosa, revealing
Climate seesaw at the end of the last glacial phase A change in precipitation at one location may be caused by changes on the other side of the planet. An international team with the participation of the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences now investigated Japanese lake sediments to decipher the in
Great Repeal Bill isn't enough to protect our environment Great Repeal Bill isn't enough to protect our environment
With the environment left out of the UK’s Article 50 letter, it’s vital that the Great Repeal Bill brings over not just the laws, but the principles, which protect ou
Methane emissions from trees A new study from the University of Delaware is one of the first in the world to show that tree trunks in upland forests actually emit methane rather than store it, representing a new, previously unaccounted source of this powerful greenhouse gas.
Glacier photos illustrate climate change Boulder, Colorado, USA: Climate is changing -- there should be zero doubt about this circa 2017. The outstanding issue for the geoscience community has been how we best portray to this to the public. In their GSA Today article posted online on 30 March 20
Making cows more environmentally friendly Scientists at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Scotland's Rural College (SRUC) and the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Frankfurt have published a paper revealing an important discovery surrounding plants used to feed livestock.
Can intergenerational cooperation defeat climate change? Older adults are powerful allies in addressing climate change, according to 'Gray and Green Together: Climate Change in an Aging World,' the latest edition of Public Policy & Aging Report (PP&AR) from The Gerontological Society of America (GSA).