Copper catalyst yields high efficiency CO2-to-fuels conversion Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a new electrocatalyst that can directly convert carbon dioxide into multicarbon fuels and alcohols using record-low inputs of energy. The work is the latest in a round of studies coming out of Berkeley Lab tackling t
Solar-to-fuel system recycles CO2 to make ethanol and ethylene Berkeley Lab scientists have harnessed the power of photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide into fuels and alcohols at efficiencies far greater than plants. The achievement marks a significant advance in the effort to move toward sustainable sources of f
Climate change challenges the survival of fish across the world University of Washington researchers have published the first analysis looking at how vulnerable the world's freshwater and marine fishes are to climate change. Their paper, appearing online Sept. 11 in Nature Climate Change, used physiological data to pr
Earth's oldest trees in climate-induced race up the tree line Bristlecone pine and limber pine trees in the Great Basin region of the western United States are like two very gnarled, old men in a slow-motion race up the mountaintop, and climate change is the starting gun, according to a study from the University of
New method for identifying carbon compounds derived from fossil fuels Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a laboratory instrument that will greatly reduce the cost of analyzing carbon isotopes. Among other things, this will allow scientists to measure how much of the carbon
Historic legacies affect climate change survival in Caribbean In a new paper published this week, Dr Sealey-Huggins finds that discussion of climate change has failed to pay enough attention to the social, political and historic factors which increase the vulnerability of Caribbean societies, and calls for a new app
Rising CO2 leading to changes in land plant photosynthesis Researchers led by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego have determined that major changes in plant behavior have occurred over the past 40 years, using measurements of subtle changes in the carbon dioxide (CO2) cu
Urban climate change Southern cities such as Houston and Tampa -- which faced the wrath of hurricanes Harvey and Irma, respectively -- may not be the only urban environments vulnerable to extreme weather. Northern cities also face the potential for flooding as global temperat
Desert locusts: New risks in the light of climate change The desert locust is an invasive species that is both well known and feared because of the large-scale agricultural damage it can cause. It is particularly closely monitored, to prevent the risks of outbreaks and invasions. Climate change could modify its
Ancient wetlands offer window into climate change Environmental researchers have uncovered a wealth of information about a unique part of Australia that offers never-before-seen insights into climate change since the last ice age.
Hints from hemoglobin lead to better carbon monoxide storage Highly porous metal-organic frameworks have proved ideal for storing many chemicals, from carbon dioxide and hydrogen to water. A new tweak to MOFs has now produced a highly selective material for adsorbing carbon monoxide, which is used in many industria
Climate change for aliens For more than 50 years, the Kardashev scale has been the gold standard for classifying hypothetical 'exo-civilizations' by their ability to harness energy. A team of researchers led by Rochester astrophysicist Adam Frank have devised a new system that tak
Cloud formation suppressed by biogenic organic emissions Researchers have found evidence that near-ground biogenic emissions of organics suppress cloud formation in cool-temperate forests in autumn, providing clues to how global warming will affect cloud formation and the overall climate.
Deforestation long overlooked as contributor to climate change When it comes to tackling climate change, the focus often falls on reducing the use of fossil fuels and developing sustainable energy sources. But a new Cornell University study shows that deforestation and subsequent use of lands for agriculture or pastu
Can corals survive climate change? A group of international scientists, including scientists from Australia, have issued advice that more research is urgently required to determine whether corals can acclimate and adapt to the rapid pace of climate change.
Coming soon to Montreal: The infrastructure cost of climate change The climate of the city is changing and will continue to do so at a rapidly increasing rate and with much more spatial variability in the future.That's according to new research from Concordia's Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering.
NASA scientists seek to improve sea ice predictions Sea ice in the Arctic Ocean is in a downward spiral, with summer minimum extents about 40 percent smaller than in the 1980s. But predicting how the sea ice is going to behave in a particular year is tricky: There are still many unknowns about the conditio
A new method used to generate ensemble initial perturbations In the past two decades, ensemble forecasting has been developed substantially to become a powerful approach that improves numerical weather prediction. Recently, data assimilation schemes were combined with the dynamical methods to better sample the anal
Volcanic eruptions drove ancient global warming event A natural global warming event that took place 56 million years ago was triggered almost entirely by volcanic eruptions that occurred as Greenland separated from Europe during the opening of the North Atlantic Ocean, according to an international team of
Caspian Sea evaporating as temperatures rise, study finds Earth's largest inland body of water has been slowly evaporating for the past two decades due to rising temperatures associated with climate change, a new study finds. Water levels in the Caspian Sea dropped nearly 7 centimeters (3 inches) per year from 1
Algae fortifies coral reefs in past and present The Great Barrier Reef, and most other large reefs around the world, owe their bulk in large part to a type of red algae that grows on corals and strengthens them. New research led by Anna Weiss, a Ph.D. candidate at The University of Texas at Austin Jack
Oil and gas wells as a strong source of greenhouse gases Boreholes in the North Sea could constitute a significantly more important source of methane, a strong greenhouse gas, than previously thought. This is shown by a new study of the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel recently published in the i
Climate may quickly drive forest-eating beetles north, says study Over the next few decades, global warming-related rises in winter temperatures could significantly extend the range of the southern pine beetle, one of the world's most aggressive tree-killing insects, through much of the northern United States and southe
Electricity consumption in Europe will shift under climate change Rising temperatures due to greenhouse gas emissions will fundamentally change electricity consumption patterns in Europe. A team of scientists from Germany and the United States now analyzed what unchecked future warming means for Europe's electricity dem
Fossils reveal how bizarre mammal beat extinction Animals that live on islands are among the most at risk from extinction. A remarkable eighty percent of extinctions occurring since 1500AD have been on islands, with inhabitants facing dangers from climate change, sea level rise, invasive species, and hum
Amid environmental change, lakes surprisingly static In recent decades, change has defined our environment in the United States. Agriculture intensified. Urban areas sprawled. The climate warmed. Intense rainstorms became more common. But, says a new University of Wisconsin-Madison study, while those kinds
Climate game changer New research from University of Alberta and University of Vienna microbiologists provides unparalleled insight into the Earth's nitrogen cycle, identifying and characterizing the ammonia-oxidizing microbe, Nitrospira inopinata.
Peas that like it hot As the global climate changes and temperatures continue to rise, heat stress is becoming a major limiting factor for pea cultivation. A new study indicates that pea plants with some specific traits -- such as longer flowering time and higher pod numbers -
Climate change and habitat conversion combine to homogenize nature Climate change and habitat conversion to agriculture are working together to homogenize nature, indicates a study in the journal Global Change Biology led by the University of California, Davis. In other words, the more things change, the more they are th
Drilling begins at Preston New Road Friends of the Earth and community campaigners are calling on Greg Clark MP, the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, not to give final consent to allow fracking to go ahead in Lancashire, as drilling is reported at Preston New
How future volcanic eruptions will impact Earth's ozone layer The next major volcanic eruption could kick-start chemical reactions that would seriously damage the planet's already besieged ozone layer. The extent of damage to the ozone layer that results from a large, explosive eruption depends on complex atmospheri
Going 'green' with plant-based resins Airplanes, electronics and solar cells are all in demand, but the materials holding these items together -- epoxy thermosets -- are not environmentally friendly. Now, a group reports in ACS' journal Macromolecules that they have created a plant-based ther
Russian scientists deny climate model of IPCC Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University revealed new data on accelerating permafrost degradation in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf, which really threatens by huge emissions of bubble methane into the atmosphere and breaks the climate model of the Int
Ozone treaty taking a bite out of US greenhouse gas emissions The Montreal Protocol, the international treaty adopted to restore Earth's protective ozone layer in 1989, has significantly reduced emissions of ozone-depleting chemicals from the United States. In a twist, a new study shows the 30-year old treaty has ha
Climate change shifts timing of European floods A linkage between climate change and floods has been identified using a river flow dataset of unparalleled scale and diversity. This is the first time this link has been demonstrated at a continental scale using observational data.
Not all glaciers in Antarctica have been affected by climate change A new study by scientists at Portland State University and the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) at the University of Colorado Boulder has found that the effects of climate change, which are apparent in other parts of the Antarctic continent, are
From greenhouse gas to 3-D surface-microporous graphene Tiny dents in the surface of graphene greatly enhances its potential as a supercapacitor. Even better, it can be made from carbon dioxide in a novel approach developed by researchers from Michigan Technological University and Brookhaven National Laborator
Origin of human genus may have occurred by chance An often cited claim that humans, who are smarter and more technologically advanced than their ancestors, originated in response to climate change is challenged in a new report by a Center for the Advanced Study of Human Paleobiology researcher at George
National support for fracking at lowest level yet National support for fracking at lowest level yet
UK support for fracking is at its lowest recorded level according to the latest BEIS Energy and Climate Change Public Attitude Tracker reported released today (3 August). Support for fracking has decrea
Temperatures rising The Paris Climate Agreement of 2016, which saw 195 nations come together in the shared goal of ameliorating climate change, set forth an ambitious goal of limiting global temperature rise to less than 2 degrees Celsius. Since then, many have wondered, is
Current threats to our oceans are revealed A survey of tens of thousands of marine studies from the last decade reveals current threats to our marine environment. These include: the effects of climate change, marine plastic pollution, conservation, as well as social and economic impacts. It is hop
Deadly heat waves could hit South Asia this century In South Asia, new MIT research suggests that by the end of this century climate change could lead to summer heat waves with levels of heat and humidity that exceed what humans can survive without protection
Risk to Europe's most dangerous pathogens revealed The impact of climate change on the emergence and spread of infectious diseases could be greater than previously thought, according to new research by the University of Liverpool.
Adorable alpine animal acclimates behavior to a changing climate As climate change brings new pressures to bear on wildlife, species must 'move, adapt, acclimate, or die.' Erik Beever and colleagues review the literature on acclimation through behavioral flexibility, identifying patterns among invertebrates, amphibians
Benefits of investments in dikes worldwide known The economic benefits of building dikes to reduce flood damage far outweigh the costs at the global scale. In many parts of the world, it is even possible to reduce the economic damage from river floods in the future to below today's levels, even when cli
Glaciers may have helped warm Earth Weathering of Earth by glaciers may have warmed the planet over eons by aiding the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. A new study shows the cumulative effect may have created negative feedback that prevented runaway glaciation.
Successful prediction of multi-year US droughts and wildfire risk A new study shows that difference in water temperature between the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans together with global warming impact the risk of drought and wildfire in southwestern North America. A new model proves capable of much longer-term forecasts
Methane-eating bacteria in lake deep beneath Antarctic ice An interdisciplinary team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) has concluded that bacteria in a lake 800 meters (2,600 feet) beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet may digest methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, preventing its relea
New light-activated catalyst grabs CO2 to make ingredients for fuel Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed a 'spongy,' light-activated material that converts carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide, which can be used to turn into liquid fuels and other useful products. This is done without generating unwanted by products,
Research at Lake Baikal -- for the protection of a unique ecosystem As part of the Helmholtz Russia Research Group LaBeglo, UFZ researchers are studying the impact of climate change and environmental toxins on the lake's fauna. In a recent study, together with researchers from the Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Res
Scientists find secret to cell size in world's biggest food producer A gene controlling cell size has been identified in a microalgal group which underpins a fifth of the world's food chains.Scientists at The University of East Anglia (UEA) have discovered a gene which regulates the size of diatoms, which contribute 20 per
'Hindcasting' study investigates the extreme 2013 Colorado flood Using a publicly available climate model, Berkeley Lab researchers 'hindcast' the conditions that led to the Sept. 9-16, 2013 flooding around Boulder, Colo. and found that climate change attributed to human activity made the storm much more severe than wo
Could 'cocktail geoengineering' save the climate? Geoengineering is a catch-all term that refers to various theoretical ideas for altering Earth's energy balance to combat climate change. New research from an international team of atmospheric scientists published by Geophysical Research Letters investiga
Helping EU cities and regions cut carbon emissions A series of first-ever maps shows regional-scale differences in carbon footprints in the EU. The maps can help guide local and regional policies designed to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
New model projects an increase in dust storms in the US A new statistical model developed by researchers at Princeton University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicts that climate change will amplify dust activity in parts of the U.S. in the latter half of the 21st century, wh
Climate change: Biodiversity rescues biodiversity in a warmer world Climate change leads to loss of biodiversity worldwide. However, ecosystems with a higher biodiversity in the first place might be less affected a new study in Science Advances reports. An international research team found that when they experimentally wa