Climate goals of the Paris Agreement: Impact of land use Significantly less than two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times -- this is the temperature to which global warming should be limited, according to the Paris Climate Agreement. In a current study, a research team from the Karlsruhe Institute of Tech
Climate change makes summer weather stormier yet more stagnant Climate change is shifting the energy in the atmosphere that fuels summertime weather, which may lead to stronger thunderstorms and more stagnant conditions for midlatitude regions of the Northern Hemisphere, including North America, Europe, and Asia, a n
Predicting climate change Thomas Crowther, ETH Zurich identifies long-disappeared forests available for restoration across the world. In his AAAS session, Crowther describes how such an effort, could absorb as much as 135 gigatons of atmospheric carbon. Crowther will also describe
Political and policy feedbacks in the climate system Matto Mildenberger, University of California Santa Barbara explains how perceived experiences with climate change in the United States can be linked to political shifts in Congress, culture and society. He will demonstrate how partisan opinions about the
What rising seas mean for local economies High-tide flooding resulting from climate change is already disrupting the economy of Annapolis, Md. As sea levels rise, the impacts are expected to get worse for coastal communities.
'I'm standing up for our planet' Every Friday morning, 13-year-old Holly Gillibrand skips school for an hour to demand more is done over climate change.
Climate change increases potential for conflict and violence Images of extensive flooding or fire-ravaged communities help us see how climate change is accelerating the severity of natural disasters. Iowa State researchers say what is not as clear is the indirect effect of these disasters and rapid climate change o
Fate of meerkats tied to seasonal climate effects Does a drier and hotter climate present a threat to the meerkats in the Kalahari Desert? Researchers from UZH and Cambridge show that climate change is likely to impact meerkats, and seasonal rainfall and temperature will be the key factors.
Moving artificial leaves out of the lab and into the air Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago have proposed a design solution that could bring artificial leaves out of the lab and into the environment. Their improved leaf, which would use carbon dioxide -- a potent greenhouse gas -- from the a
Climate change: Scientists tap nature, space and society Three scientists share their research from the natural, physical, and social sciences on novel responses to climate change during the 2019 AAAS Annual Meeting on February 16th, 2019 at 3:30 PM, Marriott Wardman Park, Delaware Suite.
Sand from glacial melt could be Greenland's economic salvation As climate change melts Greenland's glaciers and deposits more river sediment on its shores, an international group of researchers has identified one unforeseen economic opportunity for the Arctic nation: exporting excess sand and gravel abroad, where raw
Boosting solid state chemical reactions Adding olefin enables efficient solvent-free cross-coupling reactions, leading to environmentally friendly syntheses of a wide range of organic materials.
How does the Amazon rain forest cope with drought? The Amazon rain forest isn't necessarily a place that many would associate with a drought, yet prolonged dry spells are projected to become more prevalent and severe because of climate change. The question at hand is how these droughts are going to affect
To conserve energy, AI clears up cloudy forecasts A new approach developed by Fengqi You, professor in energy systems engineering at Cornell University, predicts the accuracy of the weather forecast using a machine learning model trained with years' worth of data on forecasts and actual weather condition
Diffusing the methane bomb: We can still make a difference The Arctic is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet, causing the carbon containing permafrost that has been frozen for tens or hundreds of thousands of years to thaw and release methane into the atmosphere, thereby contributing to global warming
Researchers track down new biocatalysts Phosphate is a key element in many processes in the body and essential for global food production. Researchers at the University of Göttingen have now developed a method to detect new enzymes from the environment that can release phosphate. This open
Pika survival rates dry up with low moisture A team of researchers lead by Aaron N. Johnston of the US Geological Survey sought to understand how climate change, specifically changes in snowpack and VPD, is affecting pikas. In a paper published today in the Ecological Society of America's journal Ec
Everything in moderation In efforts to curb our use of greenhouse gas-generating fossil fuels, plant-based biofuels are among the top contenders as alternative liquid energy sources for transportation. However, strategies to produce high yields of biomass for fuels are not a one-
Climate change could make corals go it alone Climate change is bad news for coral reefs around the world, with high ocean temperatures causing widespread bleaching events that weaken and kill corals. However, new research from the University of Texas at Austin has found that corals with a solitary s
Rainfall extremes are connected across continents: Nature study Extreme rainfall events in one city or region are connected to the same kind of events thousands of kilometers away, an international team of experts finds in a study now published in one of the world's leading scientific journals, Nature. They discovered
A sustainable and recyclable thermoelectric paper Researchers at the Institute of Materials Science of Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC) have created a new concept of thermoelectric material, published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science. It is a device composed of cellulose, produced in situ in the l
A 'greener' way to take the bitterness out of olives Olives are staples of the Mediterranean diet, which has been linked to a reduced incidence of cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease and other conditions. However, freshly picked olives are very bitter and require curing or processing to make them pa
China not 'walking the walk' on methane emissions In China, regulations to reduce methane emissions from coal mining took full effect in 2010 and required methane to be captured or to be converted into carbon dioxide. A team of researchers set out to use atmospheric modeling and satellite data to evaluat
China's regulations unsuccessful in curbing methane emissions China, already the world's leading emitter of human-caused greenhouse gases, continues to pump increasing amounts of climate-changing methane into the atmosphere despite tough new regulations on gas releases from its coal mines, a new Johns Hopkins study
Greenland's southwest ice sheet particularly sensitive to warming The ice fields of southwest Greenland are becoming particularly sensitive to a climate cycle called the North Atlantic Oscillation as global warming proceeds. The largest sustained ice loss in Greenland from early 2003 to mid-2013 came from summertime mel
How bacteria build hyper-efficient photosynthesis machines Researchers facing a future with a larger population and more uncertain climate are looking for ways to improve crop yields, and they're looking to photosynthetic bacteria for engineering solutions. In the Journal of Biological Chemistry, a Canadian resea
Climate change tipping point could be coming sooner than we think A Columbia Engineering study confirms the urgency to tackle climate change. While it's known that extreme weather events can affect the year-to-year variability in carbon uptake, and some researchers have suggested that there may be longer-term effects, t
Rising temperatures may safeguard crop nutrition as climate changes Recent research has shown that rising carbon dioxide levels will likely boost yields, but at the cost of nutrition. A new study in Plant Journal suggests that this is an incomplete picture of the complex environmental interactions that will affect crops i
Farm manure boosts greenhouse gas emissions -- even in winter Researchers have shown, for the first time, that manure used to fertilize croplands in spring and summer can dramatically increase greenhouse gas emissions in winter. While it's known that farmers' decisions to add nutrients to their fields affects greenh
Dry inland waters are underrated players in climate change Climate change causes an increase in the number of freshwaters that run dry, at least temporarily. Around 90,000 square kilometres of water surface have already vanished in the last 30 years. This trend is not only a threat to drinking water reserves and
Using bacteria to create a water filter that kills bacteria Engineers have created a bacteria-filtering membrane using graphene oxide and bacterial nanocellulose. It's highly efficient, long-lasting and environmentally friendly -- and could provide clean water for those in need.
Mediterranean freshwater fish species susceptible to climate change Climate change will strongly affect many European freshwater fish species. This is particularly the case for species in the Mediterranean region, according to the latest findings of an international team of researchers from institutions including IGB, the
Ice Age climate caused sediment sourcing 180 in Gulf of Mexico The onset of the most recent ice age about 2.6 million years ago changed where the western Gulf of Mexico gets its supply of sediments. The finding adds new insight into how extreme climate change can directly impact fundamental geological processes and h
Water, not temperature, limits global forest growth as climate warms The growth of forest trees all over the world is becoming more water-limited as the climate warms. The effect is most evident in northern climates and at high altitudes where the primary limitation on tree growth had been cold temperatures. The research,
The pace at which the world's permafrost soils are warming Global warming is leaving more and more apparent scars in the world's permafrost regions. As the new global comparative study conducted by the international permafrost network GTN-P shows, in all regions with permafrost soils the temperature of the frozen
UM professor co-authors report on the use of biotechnology in forests University of Montana Professor Diana Six is one of 12 authors of a new report that addresses the potential for biotechnology to provide solutions for protecting forest trees from insect and pathogen outbreaks, which are increasing because of climate chan
Research reveals strategies for combating science misinformation Nowhere has the impact of scientific misinformation been more profound than on the issue of climate change in the US, where a well-funded network has coalesced around the goal of undercutting the legitimacy of climate science. But as a new paper illustrat
Feds, states can help biochar live up to its soil-saving potential Researchers at Rice University and North Dakota State University have assembled current and potential sources of government support to promote the production and use of biochar, which helps preserve valuable soil, enhance agricultural production, improve
Oceans are warming even faster than previously thought Heat trapped by greenhouse gases is raising ocean temperatures faster than previously thought, concludes an analysis of four recent ocean heating observations. The results provide further evidence that earlier claims of a slowdown or 'hiatus' in global wa
Climate change intensifies war of the birds University of Groningen (UG) biologists have discovered that climate change has an effect on the regular clashes between great tits and pied flycatchers during the breeding season. In some years, great tits killed 10 percent of the male pied flycatchers.
Study finds 2 billion birds migrate over Gulf Coast A new study combining data from citizen scientists and weather radar stations is providing detailed insights into spring bird migration along the Gulf of Mexico and how these journeys may be affected by climate change. Findings on the timing, location, an
Climate model uncertainties ripe to be squeezed The latest climate models and observations offer unprecedented opportunities to reduce the remaining uncertainties in future climate change, according to a paper published in Nature Climate Change by a team of 29 international authors.
The long memory of the Pacific Ocean Cold waters that sank in polar regions hundreds of years ago during the Little Ice Age are still impacting deep Pacific Ocean temperature trends. While the deep Pacific temperature trends are small, they represent a large amount of energy in the Earth sys
Historical cooling periods are still playing out in the deep Pacific Researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Harvard University have found that the deep Pacific Ocean lags a few centuries behind in terms of temperature and is still adjusting to the advent of the Little Ice Age. Whereas most of the oce
Storage wars One answer to our greenhouse gas challenges may be right under our feet: Soil scientists Oliver Chadwick of UC Santa Barbara and Marc Kramer of Washington State University have found that minerals in soil can hold on to a significant amount of carbon pull
European wheat lacks climate resilience A group of European researchers, including Professor Jørgen E. Olesen from the Department of Agroecology at Aarhus University, has found that current breeding programmes and cultivar selection practices do not provide the needed resilience to climate
Hotter days will boost Chinese residential electric use A new study from Duke University and Fudan University in China is the first to estimate how much Chinese residential electricity consumption would increase due to climate change. It's a lot. By the end of the 21st century, each degree Celsius increase in
Fire air pollution weakens forest productivity Fire impacts on global carbon cycle. The damage to ecosystem productivity not only occurs in fire regimes, but also over the downwind areas through long-range transport of air pollution. Such negative impacts may exacerbate in the future as fire activitie
Droughts boost emissions as hydropower dries up Recent droughts caused increases in emissions of carbon dioxide and harmful air pollutants from power generation in several western states as fossil fuels came online to replace hampered hydroelectric power. A new study quantifies the impact.
A mountain of evidence on air pollution's harms to children A new study led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) organizes the available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children's health. The paper in the journal Environmental Research is the firs
First detection of rain over the ocean by navigation satellites In order to analyse climate change or provide information about natural hazards, it is important to gather knowledge about the rain. Better knowledge of precipitation and its distribution could, for example, help protect against river flooding. A new appr
Climate change affects breeding birds The breeding seasons of wild house finches are shifting due to climate change, a Washington State University researcher has found.
New research suggests forests, like humans, require a balanced diet The world's forests are on a fast food diet of carbon dioxide, which is currently causing them to grow faster. But a researcher at West Virginia University, along with an international team of scientists, finds evidence suggesting that forest growth may s
Greener days ahead for carbon fuels A discovery by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis shows that recycling carbon dioxide into valuable chemicals and fuels can be economical and efficient -- a
The gene helping submerged plants Climate change threatens plants as the risks of flooding increase. A new study from Stockholm University shows that special genes are key to keeping plants from withering, remaining healthy and resistant to a lack of oxygen when they are underwater for a
Understanding food's carbon footprint Researchers asked more than 1,000 participants in a nationally-representative sample to rate the energy used -- and the greenhouse gas emitted -- by the production of one serving of 19 different kinds of food, and by using one of 18 different appliances f
Do you know the carbon footprint of your food choices? Consumers greatly underestimate the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions associated with their food choices, but they'll favor items with a lower carbon footprint if they're given clear information on the label, according to new research from t
Climate change leading to water shortage in Andes, Himalayas Climate change could have devastating effects on vulnerable residents in the Andes mountains and the Tibetan plateau, according to researchers at The Ohio State University who have been studying glaciers in those areas for decades.
The full story on climate change requires the long view Researchers offer a new calculation that provides the long view of what nine different world regions have contributed to climate change since 1900. They also show how that breakdown will likely look by 2100 under various emission scenarios.