Searching for clues on extreme climate change Nearly 13,000 years ago, pines in southern France experienced a cold snap, which scientists have now reconstructed. The study about the consequences of a drastic climate change event in past and its implications for our future will be published tomorrow i
Tropics are widening as predicted by climate models, research finds Scientists have observed for years that the Earth's tropics are widening in connection with complex changes in climate and weather patterns. But in recent years, it appeared the widening was outpacing what models predicted, suggesting other factors were a
More ships and more clouds mean cooling in the Arctic UConn professor of geology Scott Stephenson and colleagues recently modeled the future of trans-Arctic shipping routes and found that increased emissions will spell a trend of slowed cooling in the region. Though the researchers stress this is in no way a
Soil holds the secret to mitigating climate change New research from Michigan State University suggests that crop yields and the global food supply chain can be preserved by harnessing the critical, and often overlooked, partner in food supply -- soil.
Forest Service science improving fire weather prediction Scientists with the USDA Forest Service and St. Cloud State University have created a new fire-weather prediction tool that works with the same weather models that are used every day in fire weather forecasts, and thus can be applied anywhere in the worl
Finding Nemo's genes An international team of researchers has mapped Nemo's genome, providing the research community with an invaluable resource to decode the response of fish to environmental changes, including climate change.
Natural mechanism could lower emissions from tropical peatlands Scientists have long feared that as Earth warms, tropical peatlands -- which store up to 10 percent of the planet's soil carbon -- could dry out, decay and release vast pools of carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere, accelerating climate change.
New research unravels the mysteries of deep soil carbon Huge amounts of carbon are stored in deep soil. Scientists uncover the conditions that will cause that carbon to stay underground or be emitted into the atmosphere as climate-destabilizing carbon dioxide.
US wildfire smoke deaths could double by 2100 A new study simulating the effects of wildfire smoke on human health finds continued increases in wildfire activity in the continental United States due to climate change could worsen air quality over the coming decades.
Peatland carbon sinks at risk Peatlands are extremely effective at storing carbon, but an international study featuring a University of Queensland researcher has found climate change could stop that. The group investigated how peatlands -- swamps and bogs with organic rich soils -- ha
Global warming pushing alpine species higher and higher For every one-degree-Celsius increase in temperature, mountaintop species shift upslope 100 metres, shrinking their inhabited area and resulting in dramatic population declines, new research by University of British Columbia zoologists has found.The study
Coastal erosion in the Arctic intensifies global warming The loss of arctic permafrost deposits by coastal erosion could amplify climate warming via the greenhouse effect. A study using sediment samples from the Sea of Okhotsk on the eastern coast of Russia led by AWI researchers revealed that the loss of Arcti
Study examines pros and cons of hydropower Hydropower can generate electricity without emitting greenhouse gases but can cause environmental and social harms, such as damaged wildlife habitat, impaired water quality, impeded fish migration, reduced sediment transport, and diminished cultural and r
Would global warming increase childhood viral infection rates? Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood viral infection that is most common in warmer summer months. A new International Journal of Dermatology review of published studies reveals a positive relationship between HFMD and temperature and
Is the key to sparking climate action a game? New research led by UMass Lowell and published by PLoS ONE found that 81 percent of participants in the World Climate Simulation, a role-playing game of the UN climate talks, showed increased motivation to combat climate change, even among Americans who a
Syracuse researchers shine light on ancient global warming The team's research is the first to address the effects of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) -- a relatively brief period of global climate change, spanning 200,000 years -- on marine invertebrates, including snails, clams and other mollusks.
Why we stick to false beliefs: Feedback trumps hard evidence Ever wonder why flat earthers, birthers, climate change and Holocaust deniers stick to their beliefs in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary? New findings suggest that feedback, rather than hard evidence, boosts people's sense of certainty wh
Stanford researchers rank countries by oil production emissions Emissions associated with oil and gas production are a significant source of greenhouse gases. A new analysis ranks countries by emission levels and identifies the major sources of emissions, a first step toward policy to regulate oil and gas production p
Adapt, move or die: how biodiversity reacted to past climate change A new paper reviews current knowledge on climate change and biodiversity. In the past, plants and animals reacted to environmental changes by adapting, migrating or going extinct. These findings point to radical changes in biodiversity due to climate chan
Deadline for climate action If governments don't act decisively by 2035 to fight climate change, humanity could cross a point of no return after which limiting global warming below 2°C in 2100 will be unlikely, according to a new study by scientists in the UK and the Netherland
Global warming: More insects, eating more crops Rising global temperatures are expected to significantly increase crop losses from insects, especially in temperate regions, a new study finds. Losses for three top staple grains (wheat, rice, maize) are projected to rise by 10-25 percent per degree of wa
A climate 'wake-up call' Research from UCSB and EDF shows a more prosperous global future is possible if both climate change and sustainable fisheries management are addressed now.
Drought increases CO2 concentration in the air ETH researchers have shown that during drier years the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere rises faster because stressed ecosystems absorb less carbon. This global effect is so strong that it must be integrated in the next generation of clim
Improving soil quality can slow global warming A UC Berkeley study finds that well-established, low-tech land management practices like planting cover crops, optimizing grazing and sowing legumes on rangelands, if instituted globally, could capture enough carbon from the atmosphere and store it in the
Carbon in color: First-ever colored thin films of nanotubes created A method developed at Aalto University, Finland, can produce large quantities of pristine single-walled carbon nanotubes in select shades of the rainbow. The secret is a fine-tuned fabrication process -- and a small dose of carbon dioxide. The films could
As CO2 levels climb, millions at risk of nutritional deficiencies Rising levels of carbon dioxide from human activity are making staple crops such as rice and wheat less nutritious and could result in 175 million people becoming zinc deficient and 122 million people becoming protein deficient by 2050, according to new r
A new permafrost gas mysterium Permafrost thaw allows biological activity in previously frozen ground, leading to a potential release of climate-relevant gases. We have heard about carbon dioxide and the potential 'methane bomb', but what about other gases? A new study from University
UBC researchers unlock secrets of plant development University of British Columbia researchers have discovered an internal messaging system that plants use to manage the growth and division of their cells. Understanding this negative-feedback loop that helps plants survive under harsh conditions could enab
Climate change denial strongly linked to right-wing nationalism With Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, as a hub, the world's first global research network into climate change denial has now been established. Building on a brand-new research publication showing the links between conservatism, xenophobia and cl
Species-rich forests better compensate environmental impacts To offset CO2 emissions, China is reforesting. If a mixture of tree species instead of monocultures were planted, much more carbon could be stored. An international team including UZH researchers has shown that species-rich forest ecosystems take up more
What's behind the retreating kelps and expanding corals? Climate change and other external forces are causing rapid marine community shifts in Japan's coastal ecosystems. Better understanding of species distribution dynamics, as driven by these factors, can improve conservation efforts and climate change manage
Unexpected future boost of methane possible from Arctic permafrost New NASA-funded research has discovered that Arctic permafrost's expected gradual thawing and the associated release of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere may actually be sped up by instances of a relatively little known process called abrupt thawing. Abr
Ants, acorns and climate change The relatively swift adaptability of tiny, acorn-dwelling ants to warmer environments could help scientists predict how other species might evolve in the crucible of global climate change, according to Case Western Reserve biologists.
Arctic seabird populations respond to climate change Seabirds such as gulls can be key indicators of environmental change as their populations respond to shifts in their ocean habitat over time. A new study from The Auk: Ornithological Advances investigates how several species have responded to changing env
California water managers vary in use of climate science Lack of climate change adaptation among water utilities can put water supplies and the people dependent on them at risk, especially in marginalized communities, a new University of California, Davis, paper suggests.
Warmer ocean, warmer winter Eurasian climate Studies on the contribution of global oceanic warming to winter Eurasian climate change show that there are warmer winters in Europe and the northern part of East Asia.
Trees and climate change: Faster growth, lighter wood Trees are growing more rapidly due to climate change. This sounds like good news. After all, this means that trees are storing more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in their wood and hence taking away the key ingredient in global warming. But is it that
2018-2022 expected to be abnormally hot years This summer's worldwide heatwave makes 2018 a particularly hot year. As will be the next few years, according to a study led by Florian Sévellec, researcher at CNRS and at the University of Southampton, and published in the Aug. 14, 2018, edition of
Converting carbon dioxide into methane or ethane selectively Korean researchers developed high-efficiency photocatalysts that convert carbon dioxide into methane or ethane with graphene-covered reduced titanium dioxide. The finding is expected to be utilized in the carbon dioxide reduction and recycling industries.
Back to the future of climate change Researchers at Syracuse University are looking to the geologic past to make future projections about climate change. Their research focuses on the ancient Tethys Ocean (site of the present-day Mediterranean Sea) and provides a benchmark for present and fu
There and back again: Mantle xenon has a story to tell Volatiles -- such as water, carbon dioxide and the noble gases -- come out of the earth's interior through volcanism and may be injected into the mantle from the atmosphere, a pair of processes called mantle degassing and regassing. The exchange controls
Carbon dioxide levels on flight deck affect airline pilot performance Commercial airline pilots were significantly better at performing advanced maneuvers in a flight simulator when carbon dioxide levels on the flight deck were 700 ppm and 1500 ppm than when they were 2,500 ppm, according to new research led by Harvard T.H.
Children are highly vulnerable to health risks of a changing climate Children and adolescents are more vulnerable to climate-related disasters because of their anatomic, cognitive, immunologic, and psychologic differences compared to adults. Researchers set out some specific challenges associated with the impacts of climat
Could climate change affect the development of Turkic Khaganate? The most important economic and political events in the history of the Turkic Kaganate (VI-VIII centuries AD) were affected by climatic disasters. Such conclusions were made by the assistant professor of the Department Russian History of Russia, Ural Fede
Wetter soil is leading to reduced methane gas absorption A new paper from researchers at the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC) at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York finds that the existing effects of global warming are decreasing the soil's ability to absorb methane gas. The paper deta
Mapping blue carbon in mangroves worldwide Mangroves are tropical forests that thrive in salt water and found in a variety of coastal settings worldwide. Mangroves store greater amounts of carbon than any other terrestrial ecosystem, which helps reduce carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases in the at
New study shows some corals might adapt to climate changes New research shows that not all corals respond the same to changes in climate. The University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led study looked at the sensitivity of two types of corals found in Florida and the Caribbean a
Degrading plastics revealed as source of greenhouse gases Researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) discovered that several greenhouse gases are emitted as common plastics degrade in the environment.
As temperatures rise, Earth's soil is 'breathing' more heavily The vast reservoir of carbon stored beneath our feet is entering Earth's atmosphere at an increasing rate, according to a new study in the journal Nature. Blame microbes: When they chew on decaying leaves and dead plants, they convert a storehouse of carb
China could face deadly heat waves due to climate change The North China Plain, a region that holds one of the biggest concentrations of people on Earth, could be pushing against the boundaries of habitability by the latter part of this century due to global warming, an MIT study shows.
Mars terraforming not possible using present-day technology Science fiction writers have long featured terraforming, the process of creating an Earth-like or habitable environment on another planet, in their stories. Scientists themselves have proposed terraforming to enable the long-term colonization of Mars. A s
Deglacial changes in western Atlantic Ocean circulation A new study carried out by an international team of researchers, using the chemistry of ocean sediments has highlighted a widespread picture of Atlantic circulation changes associated with rapid climate change in the past.
ASU study finds animals can use muscle as an internal water source A new Arizona State University study shows for the first time that animals may be able to use their own muscles to get water when it's not available. As our climate changes, the availability of water is also changing, leaving animals with limited or unrel