Environment Watch


Environment News

Emissions Impossible: How Big Meat and Dairy Are Heating Up the Planet
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">GRAIN and the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP)<
2018-07-18 18:46:22
Cities as study proxies for climate change
Cities can serve as useful proxies to study and predict the effects of climate change, according to a North Carolina State University research review that tracks urbanization's effects on plant and insect species.
2018-07-18 00:00:00
Warming rivers make marked contribution to global greenhouse gas levels
Warming streams and rivers could be disproportionately contributing to the amount of planet-warming greenhouse gases, according to a new study.
2018-07-18 00:00:00
Scientists lack vital knowledge on rapid Arctic climate change
Arctic climate change research relies on field measurements and samples that are too scarce, and patchy at best, according to a comprehensive review study from Lund University in Sweden. The researchers looked at thousands of scientific studies, and found
2018-07-18 00:00:00
Splitting water: Nanoscale imaging yields key insights
In the quest to realize artificial photosynthesis to convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into fuel -- just as plants do -- researchers need to not only identify materials to efficiently perform photoelectrochemical water splitting, but also to und
2018-07-18 00:00:00
What psychological science can offer to reducing climate change
The consequences of climate change are immense, and believed by many experts to be largely irreversible (and exponential), causing threats coming from heat waves, flooding, declines in agriculture, and decreasing biodiversity, to name a few. Given that cl
2018-07-17 00:00:00
A scientist's final paper looks toward earth's future climate
A NASA scientist's final scientific paper, published posthumously this month, reveals new insights into one of the most complex challenges of Earth's climate: understanding and predicting future atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases and the role of the o
2018-07-16 00:00:00
Getting to know the microbes that drive climate change
A new understanding of the microbes and viruses in the thawing permafrost in Sweden may help scientists better predict the pace of climate change.
2018-07-16 00:00:00
Protecting tropical forest carbon stocks may not prevent large-scale species loss
As the world seeks to curb human-induced climate change, will protecting the carbon of tropical forests also ensure the survival of their species?A study published today in the leading journal Nature Climate Change suggests the answer to this question is
2018-07-16 00:00:00
Thawing permafrost microbiomes fuel climate change
A University of Queensland-led international study could lead to more accurate predictions or the rate of global warming from greenhouse gas emissions produced by thawing permafrost in the next 100 years.The study of the microorganisms involved in permafr
2018-07-16 00:00:00
Kelp's record journey exposes Antarctic ecosystems to change
A 20,000 km journey by kelp through what were thought to be impassable barriers created by polar winds and currents has significant implications for how Antarctic ecosystems will change with global warming.
2018-07-16 00:00:00
New research calculates capacity of North American forests to sequester carbon
Researchers have calculated the capacity of North American forests to sequester carbon in a detailed analysis that for the first time integrates natural processes and climate changes that are likely to alter growth over the next 60 years.
2018-07-13 00:00:00
Climate change-induced march of treelines halted by unsuitable soils: study
University of Guelph researchers have discovered unsuitable soil at higher altitudes may be halting the advancement of treelines. This finding dispells the commonly held assumption that climate change is enabling trees to move farther uphill and northward
2018-07-12 00:00:00
Mapping species range shifts under recent climatic changes
The inclusion of taxon-specific sensitivity to a shifting climate helps us understand species distributional responses to changes in climate.
2018-07-12 00:00:00
Geological records reveal sea-level rise threatens UK salt marshes, study says
Sea-level rise will endanger valuable salt marshes across the United Kingdom by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, according to an international study co-authored by a Rutgers University-New Brunswick professor. Moreover, salt marshes in
2018-07-12 00:00:00
How gold nanoparticles could improve solar energy storage
Star-shaped gold nanoparticles, coated with a semiconductor, can produce hydrogen from water over four times more efficiently than other methods - opening the door to improved storage of solar energy and other advances that could boost renewable energy us
2018-07-12 00:00:00
University of Montana ecology professor helps map climate corridors
The corridors of land vital for many wildlife species in the face of climate change often are unprotected. Now, a recently published study from a University of Montana ecology professor and other researchers has tracked these shifting North American habit
2018-07-11 00:00:00
Tiny fern holds big environmental promise
A tiny fern -- with each leaf the size of a gnat -- may provide global impact for sinking atmospheric carbon dioxide, fixing nitrogen in agriculture and shooing pesky insects from crops. The fern's full genome has been sequenced by a Cornell University an
2018-07-11 00:00:00
Rising carbon dioxide levels pose a previously unrecognized threat to monarch butterflies
A new study conducted at the University of Michigan reveals a previously unrecognized threat to monarch butterflies: Mounting levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide reduce the medicinal properties of milkweed plants that protect the iconic insects from dise
2018-07-10 00:00:00
California's cap-and-trade air quality benefits mostly go out of state
California has one of the world's most progressive cap-and-trade designed to reduce greenhouse gases. Yet in disadvantaged communities, emissions of those pollutants has actually gone up.
2018-07-10 00:00:00
Game changing game changes
Using stochastic games to analyze evolution of cooperation, leads to a surprising discovery. The tragedy of the commons is resolved if the environment deteriorates in response to defection. The new approach offers invaluable insight into how cooperation p
2018-07-10 00:00:00
As World Busts Heat Records, Study Warns Global Warming Could Be Twice as Bad Climate Models Project
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Jessica Corbett, staff writer</div></div></div>&l
2018-07-09 16:44:49
Stormwater ponds not a major source of greenhouse gas emissions
Stormwater retention ponds, a ubiquitous feature in urban landscapes, are not a significant source of climate-warming nitrous oxide emissions, a new Duke-led study finds. Nitrous oxide is a potent greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming and dest
2018-07-09 00:00:00
What natural greenhouse gases from wetlands and permafrosts mean for Paris Agreement goals
Global fossil fuel emissions would have to be reduced by as much as 20 percent more than previous estimates to achieve the Paris Agreement targets, because of natural greenhouse gas emissions from wetlands and permafrost, new research has found. The addit
2018-07-09 00:00:00
Charcoal: Major missing piece in the global carbon cycle
Most of the carbon resulting from wildfires and fossil fuel combustion is rapidly released into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now shown that the leftover residue, so-called black carbon, can age for millenn
2018-07-09 00:00:00
Expansion of agricultural land reduces CO2 absorption
Plants absorb some of the carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels. But increasing deforestation and other changes in land use will reduce the CO2 absorption capacity of these areas in the future. This is what a study by c
2018-07-05 00:00:00
What does global climate have to do with erosion rates?
Geoscientists have been intrigued by a potential link between erosion rates at the Earth's surface and changes in global climate. A new study now calls into question this link. A team of researchers re-examined 30 locations with reported accelerated erosi
2018-07-05 00:00:00
Watch: Woman Confronts Pruitt at DC Restaurant, Demands He Resign for What He's "Doing to
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Jessica Corbett, staff writer</div></div></div>&l
2018-07-03 12:34:57
TV coverage of cycling races can help document the effects of climate change
Analysing nearly four decades of archive footage from the Tour of Flanders, researchers from Ghent University have been able to detect climate change impacts on trees. Their findings were published today in the journal Methods in Ecology and Evolution.
2018-07-03 00:00:00
Southeast Asian forest loss greater than expected, with negative climate implications
Researchers using satellite imaging have found much greater than expected deforestation since 2000 in the highlands of Southeast Asia, a critically important world ecosystem. The findings are important because they raise questions about key assumptions ma
2018-07-03 00:00:00
High performance nitride semiconductor for environmentally friendly photovoltaics
A Tokyo Institute of Technology research team has shown copper nitride acts as an n-type semiconductor, with p-type conduction provided by fluorine doping, utilizing a unique nitriding technique applicable for mass production and a computational search fo
2018-07-03 00:00:00
In a warming world, could air conditioning make things worse?
As climate change continues to push summer temperatures ever higher, the increased use of air conditioning in buildings could add to the problems of a warming world by further degrading air quality and compounding the toll of air pollution on human health
2018-07-03 00:00:00
Material could help windows both power your home and control its temperature
Environmentally friendly building trends have boosted the popularity of window coatings that keep heating and cooling costs down by blocking out unneeded parts of sunlight. They have also inspired scientists and engineers to create thin, see-through solar
2018-07-03 00:00:00
Climate change and health: A special issue in PLOS Medicine
This week, we see the first papers in PLOS Medicine's Special Issue on Climate Change and Health being published, advised by Guest Editors Jonathan Patz of the Global Health Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the John P. Holton Chair in
2018-07-03 00:00:00
'Watershed Moment for Climate Liability' as Rhode Island Files Historic Lawsuit Against 21
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Jessica Corbett, staff writer</div></div></div>&l
2018-07-02 19:34:44
How mangroves help keep the planet cool
In a new global framework, scientists have developed a more accurate assessment of how mangroves store carbon in their soil. The researchers found that previous studies have underestimated the blue carbon levels in mangroves by up to 50 percent in some re
2018-07-02 00:00:00
Climate change is making night-shining clouds more visible
Increased water vapor in Earth's atmosphere due to human activities is making shimmering high-altitude clouds more visible, a new study finds. The results suggest these strange but increasingly common clouds seen only on summer nights are an indicator of
2018-07-02 00:00:00
UM study: Forests may lose ability to protect against extremes of climate change
A recent University of Montana study suggests that a warming climate in the Pacific Northwest would lessen the capacity of many forest microclimates to moderate climate extremes in the future.
2018-06-29 00:00:00
Climate predictions should include impacts of CO2 on life
Climate change predictions are not taking account of the full range of possible effects of rising carbon dioxide levels, researchers say.
2018-06-29 00:00:00
Young will pick up climate change bill, advisers warn
Without action on climate change, the coming generation will pay much more to curb emissions, a UK report says.
2018-06-28 00:02:52
Climate change linked to potential population decline in bees
A new study from Northwestern University and the Chicago Botanic Garden has found that climate change may drive local extinction of mason bees in Arizona and other naturally warm climates.
2018-06-28 00:00:00
Carbon dioxide-to-methanol process improved by catalyst
Dramatic improvements have been made to the process of converting carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, to methanol, a fuel and building block for a wide range of everyday materials, according to Penn State researchers.
2018-06-28 00:00:00
Smartphones used to track migrations caused by climate change
Spanish researchers have developed a system that tracks human displacement caused by climate change using the tracks of mobile phones. With this model, which was tested during a severe drought in Colombia in 2014, it was determined that the portion of the
2018-06-28 00:00:00
Will global warming change the summer rainfall patterns over Eastern China?
Researchers from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the UK Met Office Hadley Centre find big difference in the responses of rainfall modes to increased CO2 forcing at different timescales.
2018-06-28 00:00:00
Path to zero emissions starts out easy, but gets steep
Carbon dioxide emissions from human activities must approach zero within several decades to avoid risking grave damage from the effects of climate change. This will require creativity and innovation, because some types of industrial sources of atmospheri
2018-06-28 00:00:00
Terrifying Trends Collide as Surging Deforestation 'Making World a Hotter, Drier Place'
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Jessica Corbett, staff writer</div></div></div>&l
2018-06-27 15:21:02
California Cities Wanted Big Oil to Pay Up for Climate Damage But Federal Judge Just Said 'No&#
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Jessica Corbett, staff writer</div></div></div>&l
2018-06-26 15:36:16
Scientists use hydrophone to listen in on methane seeps in ocean
A research team has successfully recorded the sound of methane bubbles from the seafloor off the Oregon coast, opening the door to using acoustics to identify -- and perhaps quantify -- this important greenhouse gas in the ocean.
2018-06-26 00:00:00
Lessons about a future warmer world using data from the past
Selected intervals in the past that were as warm or warmer than today can help us understand what the Earth may be like under future global warming.
2018-06-25 00:00:00
Reducing CO2 with common elements and sunlight
An international collaborative research group including Tokyo Institute of Technology, Universite PARIS DIDEROT and CNRS has discovered that CO2 is selectively reducedto CO when a photocatalyst composed of an organic semiconductor material and an iron com
2018-06-25 00:00:00
Who shares similar experiences of climate change in a 1.5°C world and beyond?
A new framework to understand how uneven the effects of a 1.5°C world are for different countries around the world has been published today in Geophysical Research Letters, led by researchers from the Environmental Change Institute (ECI) at the Oxfor
2018-06-25 00:00:00
New catalyst upgrades carbon dioxide to fuels found by USTC
A research team led by professors University of Science and Technology of China and University of Toronto uncovered a catalysis strategy intermediates during CO2 electrochemical reduction reaction.
2018-06-25 00:00:00
Skeleton formation in young corals documented for first time in multidisciplinary study
Researchers have identified the biological process of mineralization that occurs in a young coral that shifts from the plankton (swimming) stage to the 'settled' stage in which it forms the skeleton from minerals that protect its colony. The discovery is
2018-06-25 00:00:00
'Electrogeochemistry' captures carbon, produces fuel, offsets ocean acidification
Limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius will require not only reducing emissions of carbon dioxide, but also active removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This has prompted heightened interest in 'negative emissions technologies.' A new study
2018-06-25 00:00:00
UK urban forest can store as much carbon as tropical rainforests
Pockets of urban forest can contain as much carbon as tropical rainforests, according to new research led by UCL. Protecting and planting urban forests is central to building liveable and sustainable cities in a future where global populations are set to
2018-06-25 00:00:00
Envisioning a future where all the trees in Europe disappear
Global climate change is already affecting the planet, as demonstrated by the shrinking polar ice cap, melting glaciers and cities in the grips of longer, more intense heat waves. Now a team of researchers has conducted a radical thought experiment on how
2018-06-21 00:00:00
New study finds US oil & gas methane emissions 60 percent higher than estimated
The US oil and gas industry emits 13 million metric tons of the potent greenhouse gas methane from its operations each year, 60 percent more than estimated by the US Environmental Protection Agency, according to a new study published today in the journal
2018-06-21 00:00:00
Innovative autonomous system for identifying schools of fish
The University of Haifa (Israel) and two teams from the IMDEA Networks Institute have developed an innovative autonomous system, SYMBIOSIS, to monitor real-time schools of fish. This system, which combines optical and acoustic technologies, will be enviro
2018-06-20 00:00:00
Heated dilemmas
Short-term management responses to climate change-mediated disasters can be maladaptive in the long-term.
2018-06-20 00:00:00
Calling for Global Carbon Tax, James Hansen Says We're Failing 'Miserably' at Tacklin
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Jessica Corbett, staff writer</div></div></div>&l
2018-06-19 13:08:22
Will Norway's electric plane take off?
A battery-powered plane that could mean guilt-free travel is part of a plan to tackle climate change.
2018-06-19 03:18:34
Machine learning may be a game-changer for climate prediction
New research from Columbia Engineering Professor Pierre Gentine demonstrates that machine-learning techniques can be used to accurately represent clouds and their atmospheric heating and moistening, and better represent clouds in coarse resolution climate
2018-06-19 00:00:00
Study: Climate action can limit Asia's growing water shortages
Even 'modest' action to limit climate change could help prevent the most extreme water-shortage scenarios facing Asia by the year 2050, according to a new study led by MIT researchers.
2018-06-19 00:00:00
Light pollution a reason for insect decline
Climate change, pesticides and land use changes alone cannot fully explain the decline in insect populations in Germany. Scientists from the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) have now discovered that regions that have expe
2018-06-19 00:00:00
Responses of the tropical atmospheric circulation to climate change
An international team describes the climate change-induced responses of the tropical atmospheric circulation and their impacts on the hydrological cycle. It also depicts the theoretically predicted changes and diagnose physical mechanisms for observationa
2018-06-19 00:00:00
Climate change to overtake land use as major threat to global biodiversity
Climate change will have a rapidly increasing effect on the structure of global ecological communities over the next few decades, with amphibians and reptiles being significantly more affected than birds and mammals, a new report by UCL finds.
2018-06-19 00:00:00
New method makes weather forecasts right as rain
Meteorologists have known for some time that rainfall forecasts have flaws, as failure to take into account factors such as evaporation can affect their accuracy. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri have developed a system that improves the p
2018-06-15 00:00:00
Land-based portion of massive East Antarctic ice sheet retreated little during past 8 million years
Large parts of the massive East Antarctic Ice Sheet did not retreat significantly during a time when atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations were similar to today's levels, according to a team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NS
2018-06-15 00:00:00
Better be safe than sorry: Economic optimization risks tipping of Earth system elements
# While the concept of profit maximization can be successful in bringing down costs of greenhouse gas reductions...# ... it does not suffice to avoid the tipping of critical elements in the Earth system.# Scientists used mathematical experiments to analys
2018-06-15 00:00:00
Climate change has fish moving faster than regulations can keep up
The world's system for allocating fish stocks is being outpaced by the movement of fish species in response to climate change, according to a study undertaken by an international team of marine ecologists, fisheries and social scientists, and lawyers.
2018-06-14 00:00:00
When the river runs high
A massive world-wide study of dry riverbeds has found they're contributing more carbon emissions than previously thought, and this could help scientists better understand how to fight climate change.
2018-06-14 00:00:00
ISB develops stress test to predict how diatoms will react to ocean acidification
Researchers at the Institute for Systems Biology (ISB) have shown that diatoms can withstand population collapse in an acidified environment by conserving valuable energy normally used for carbon dioxide consumption.
2018-06-13 00:00:00
Climate change accelerating rise in sea levels
A new study from the University of Waterloo discovered that rising sea levels could be accelerated by vulnerable ice shelves in the Antarctic.
2018-06-13 00:00:00
Antarctica ramps up sea level rise
Ice losses from Antarctica have increased global sea levels by 7.6 mm since 1992, with two fifths of this rise (3.0 mm) coming in the last five years alone. The findings are from a major climate assessment known as the Ice Sheet Mass Balance Inter-compari
2018-06-13 00:00:00
More of the Chinese population will be exposed to heat waves
One of the major concerns in climate change studies is how the thermal conditions for the living environment of human beings will change in the future. Scientists found that a general increase in effective temperature in the future leads to a large increa
2018-06-12 00:00:00
Volcanic activity, declining ocean oxygen triggered mass extinction of ancient organisms
Researchers from Florida State University have found the first conclusive evidence that millions of years ago, powerful volcanoes pumped Earth's atmosphere full of carbon dioxide, draining the oceans of oxygen and driving a mass extinction of marine organ
2018-06-11 00:00:00
Climate change: Pope urges action on clean energy
Francis tells oil executives the world must convert to clean fuel in an unprecedented conference.
2018-06-09 11:18:02
Carbon dioxide reduces belly fat
The first randomized, controlled trial testing carbon dioxide gas injections (carboxytherapy) to reduce belly fat found the new technique eliminates fat around the stomach. However, the changes were modest and did not result in long-term fat reduction.
2018-06-08 00:00:00
Coral tricks for adapting to ocean acidification
A molecular process that signals distress could also help corals adapt to climate change.
2018-06-08 00:00:00
Study: Populations of widely spread tree species respond differently to climate change
A new Portland State University study shows that not all populations of a single, widely spread tree species respond the same to climate change, something scientists will need to consider when making climate change projections.
2018-06-08 00:00:00
Consumer food choices can help reduce greenhouse emissions contributing to climate change
Changes in diet have been proposed as a way to reduce carbon emissions from the food system. A new study provides the latest and most comprehensive estimate of greenhouse gas emissions generated by US consumer food purchases, and assesses how those choice
2018-06-07 00:00:00
Salt Lake's light rail trains are air quality sleuths
The TRAX project is the only known transit-based mobile air quality network in North America. Some results are unsurprising, such as spikes of carbon dioxide and nitrogen dioxide, byproducts of gasoline combustion, at street intersections. But the sensors
2018-06-06 00:00:00
World's most efficient production of succinate from carbon dioxide
Succinate is widely used as a raw ingredient for petrochemicals, and there is high demand for a way of producing succinate that is renewable and environmentally benign. A Japanese researcher has discovered that succinate production levels increase when cy
2018-06-06 00:00:00
Fed Up With Big Banks That Fund Climate Crisis and Oppression, Community Coalition Demands Public Ba
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Julia Conley, staff writer</div></div></div><d
2018-06-05 21:02:48
UNH researchers shine a light on more accurate way to estimate climate change
By using satellite data from different major land-based ecosystems around the globe, researchers have found that the photosynthesis glow is the same across all vegetation, no matter the location. This first-of-its-kind global analysis could have significa
2018-06-05 00:00:00
More detailed data on thermal conditions of Arctic ground
Understanding the thermal conditions of the ground in the Arctic is of utmost importance in order to assess the effects of climate change on the occurrence of permafrost, on the ecosystems and societies of the Arctic, and the global climate system.
2018-06-05 00:00:00
Large igneous provinces contribute to ups and downs in atmospheric carbon dioxide
Modelling the location of large igneous provinces for the past 400 million years shows that their eruptions and subsequent weathering modulate global climate.
2018-06-05 00:00:00
Alien apocalypse: Can any civilization make it through climate change?
Does the universe contain planets with truly sustainable civilizations? Or does every civilization that may have arisen in the cosmos last only a few centuries before it falls to the climate change it triggers? Rochester astrophysicist Adam Frank and his
2018-06-04 00:00:00
Storm's coming: New technique for simulation of extreme weather events
A Japanese researcher at Kanazawa University developed a new method for generating data for ensemble simulation of extreme weather phenomena. He tested the method in simulation of a typhoon and a global warming simulation, and successfully created the nec
2018-06-04 00:00:00
Margaret Atwood: 'If the ocean dies, so do we'
Speaking at a climate change conference in London, author Margaret Atwood supported a ban on single use plastic.
2018-06-03 20:29:09
Economic models significantly underestimate climate change risks
Policymakers are being misinformed by the results of economic models that underestimate the future risks of climate change impacts, according to a new journal paper by authors in the United States and the United Kingdom, which is published June 4, 2018.
2018-06-03 00:00:00
UAV aircrafts provide new insights into the formation of the smallest particles in Arctic
Investigations of the atmosphere by means of unmanned mini-airplanes can contribute significantly to the investigation of the causes of Arctic climate change, as they provide an insight into ground-level air layers that are not monitored by other measurin
2018-06-01 00:00:00
Climate change increasing risks of lightning-ignited fires, study finds
Fires ignited by lightning have and will likely continue to increase across the Mediterranean and temperate regions in the Southern Hemisphere under a warmer climate, according to a new study co-led by a Portland State University researcher.
2018-05-31 00:00:00
New study estimates the carbon footprints of 13,000 cities
Many see cities as the new front lines of the climate change fight. Identifying the mayors and city councils in cities with the biggest carbon footprints, and the most power to make big changes, could mobilize a wave of reinforcements.
2018-05-31 00:00:00
Massive analysis reveals ways to make food earth-friendly again
A novel and potentially unrivalled meta-analysis of global food production cycles and their environmental impacts around the world may serve as a critical resource for policymakers, food producers and consumers alike, helping reveal data-supported opportu
2018-05-31 00:00:00
Magic in metal could help put excess carbon dioxide to good use
A University of Delaware researcher has identified a kind of magic in a metal that may be just what the doctor ordered for Planet Earth. He says the colorful metal, known as bismuth, could help reduce rising carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere and pro
2018-05-30 00:00:00
Climate change forced zombie ant fungi to adapt
Zombie ants clamp on to aerial vegetation and hang for months spewing the spores of their parasitic fungi, but researchers noticed that they do not always clamp on to the same part of the plant. Now the researchers know that the choice of leaves or twigs
2018-05-29 00:00:00
Invisible barrier on ocean surface can reduce carbon uptake
An invisible layer of biological compounds on the sea surface reduces the rate at which carbon dioxide gas moves between the atmosphere and the oceans, scientists have reported.
2018-05-29 00:00:00
China floods to hit US economy: Climate effects through trade chains
Fluvial floods will increase due to human-made climate change, in particular in China. This might raise direct and indirect economic losses along the global supply and trade chains. The US is susceptible to indirect climate-related economic losses due to
2018-05-28 00:00:00
Limiting global warming could avoid millions of dengue fever cases
Limiting global warming to 1.5°C could avoid around 3.3 million cases of dengue fever per year in Latin America and the Caribbean alone -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA).A new report published today in the Proceedi
2018-05-28 00:00:00
Climate Change Could Supercharge Threat of Antibiotic Resistance: Study
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Andrea Germanos, staff writer</div></div></div>&l
2018-05-25 16:51:03
Phosphorus nutrition can hasten plant and microbe growth in arid, high elevation sites
Glacial retreat in cold, high-altitude ecosystems exposes environments that are extremely sensitive to phosphorus input, new University of Colorado Boulder-led research shows. The finding upends previous ecological assumptions, helps scientists understand
2018-05-25 00:00:00
Why bioelectrodes for energy conversion are not stable
Researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have discovered why bioelectrodes containing the photosynthesis protein complex photosystem I are not stable in the long term. Such electrodes could be useful for converting light energy into chemical energy
2018-05-25 00:00:00
Some like it hot!
Ecologists have no doubt that climate change will affect the earth's animals and plants. But how exactly? This is often hard to predict. There are already indications that some species are shifting their distribution range. But it is much less clear how i
2018-05-24 00:00:00
New theory finds 'traffic jams' in jet stream cause abnormal weather patterns
A study published in Science offers an explanation for a mysterious and sometimes deadly weather pattern in which the jet stream, the global air currents that circle the Earth, stalls out over a region. Much like highways, the jet stream has a capacity, r
2018-05-24 00:00:00
Streams may emit more carbon dioxide in a warmer climate
Streams and rivers could pump carbon dioxide into the air at increasing rates if they continue to warm, potentially compounding the effects of global warming, a new worldwide analysis has shown.
2018-05-23 00:00:00
Long-term study shows crop rotation decreases greenhouse gas emissions
Many farmers grow corn and soybean in rotation to avoid the continuous corn yield penalty, but now there's another reason to rotate. Scientists at the University of Illinois have provided further evidence that rotating crops increases yield and lowers gre
2018-05-23 00:00:00
Study highlights environmental cost of tearing down Vancouver's single-family homes
Rising property values in Vancouver have resulted in the demolition of an unprecedented number of single-family homes in recent years, many of which were replaced with the same type of structure. Despite the better energy performance of the new homes, thi
2018-05-23 00:00:00
Excess nutrients, coupled with climate change, damage the most highly resilient corals
Experimentalists conducted a simulation of future conditions in the Red Sea caused by global warming and acidification, while simultaneously increasing levels of nutrients such as nitrate and phosphate. They found that when nitrate and phosphate were add
2018-05-23 00:00:00
Leopoldina-Experts call for stricter approval procedures for plant protection products
A number of chemical plant protection products, also known as pesticides, show harmful effects on ecosystems and biodiversity in their current use. Besides climate change, changes in global nutrient cycles and habitat destruction through altered land-use,
2018-05-23 00:00:00
Earth's climate to increase by 4 degrees by 2084
A new study shows the Earth's climate would increase by 4 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels, before the end of 21st century. The study also projects precipitation changes in association with a 4 degrees Celsius global warming above the pr
2018-05-23 00:00:00
Floridians could face far more frequent, intense heatwaves
By the late 21st century, if atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations reach worst-case projections, Floridians could experience summer heatwaves three times more frequently, and each heatwave could last six times longer and be much hotter than at present
2018-05-23 00:00:00
Technique doubles conversion of CO2 to plastic component
Fossil fuels have long been the precursor to plastic, but new research has detailed a technique for doubling the amount of carbon dioxide that gets converted to ethylene -- an essential component of the world's most common plastic.
2018-05-22 00:00:00
How Australia got planted
A new study has uncovered when and why the native vegetation that today dominates much of Australia first expanded across the continent. The research should help researchers better predict the likely impact of climate change and rising carbon dioxide leve
2018-05-22 00:00:00
Scientists find inconsistencies and biases in weather forecasting system
The tiniest of natural phenomena can have a big impact on our weather, but an international team of researchers have found that the most widely used system to model meteorological conditions doesn't account for environmental microphysics well at all scale
2018-05-22 00:00:00
Scientists have deciphered the chemical reaction mechanism critical for cleaner combustion
Scientists have deciphered the mechanism of a chemical reaction critical for the development of environmentally friendly combustion technologies
2018-05-21 00:00:00
Hurricanes: A bit stronger, a bit slower, and a lot wetter in a warmer climate
Scientists have published a detailed analysis of how 22 recent hurricanes would change if they instead formed near the end of this century. While each storm's transformation would be unique, on balance, the hurricanes would become a little stronger, a lit
2018-05-21 00:00:00
Pump it down
A high-tech solution being tested in Iceland gets rid of waste carbon dioxide by pumping it 1,000m underground.
2018-05-17 23:14:29
Pump it down
A high-tech solution being tested in Iceland gets rid of waste carbon dioxide by pumping it 1,000m underground.
2018-05-17 23:14:29
Climate-threatened animals unable to relocate
Many of the European mammals whose habitat is being destroyed by climate change are not able to find new places to live elsewhere.
2018-05-17 00:00:00
Marine animals have been following their preferred climate for millions of years
Current global warming has far-reaching ecological consequences, also for the Earth's oceans. Many marine organisms are reacting by migrating towards the poles. Researchers at Geozentrum Nordbayern at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nür
2018-05-17 00:00:00
Functional films made of environmentally friendly clay minerals and dyes
Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University and Shimane University have created a transparent hybrid film that combines natural clay minerals and dyes into a material that changes color in response to environmental humidity. The color change does not i
2018-05-17 00:00:00
Climate change broadens threat of emerald ash borer
More Canadian cities will experience damage from the emerald ash borer than previously thought. As a result of climate change and fewer days of extreme cold, the beetle may eat its way further north than originally estimated.
2018-05-17 00:00:00
A classifier of frog calls for fighting against climate change
The sounds of amphibians are altered by the increase in ambient temperature, a phenomenon that, in addition to interfering with reproductive behaviour, serves as an indicator of global warming. Researchers at the University of Seville have resorted to art
2018-05-17 00:00:00
The survival of sea birds affected by ocean cycles
In a general context of climate change, researchers at the Centre d'écologie fonctionnelle et évolutive (CNRS/Université de Montpellier/Université Paul Valery/EPHE-PSL) and their international partners revealed the impact of ocean cycl
2018-05-17 00:00:00
New study could improve monitoring of tropical trees in face of climate change
Experts have challenged the principle that tropical ecosystems are aseasonal -- after discovering regular cycles in fruiting, flowering and leafing in such climates.
2018-05-17 00:00:00
High stakes for biodiversity, depending on which climate change target we reach
A new assessment finds that, by 2100, the number of plant and vertebrate species losing more than half of their natural ranges will double if global warming is limited to 2°Celsius (C), rather than 1.5°C; insects are projected to be impacted the
2018-05-17 00:00:00
Critically endangered South American forests were man made
Critically endangered South American forests thought to be the result of climate change were actually spread by ancient communities, archaeologists have found.
2018-05-17 00:00:00
Climate change in Quebec equals a much greater diversity of species???
A team of researchers believe that, paradoxically, climate change may result in Quebec's national and provincial parks becoming biodiversity refuges of continental importance as the variety of species present there increases. They calculated potential cha
2018-05-16 00:00:00
Climate change impacts fragile river ecosystems
Research undertaken in South Africa's Kruger National Park (KNP) has shown that some of the world's most sensitive and valuable riverine habitats are being destroyed due to an increasing frequency of cyclone-driven extreme floods.
2018-05-16 00:00:00
Satellite study finds major shifts in global freshwater
A new global, satellite-based study of Earth's freshwater found that Earth's wet areas are getting wetter, while dry areas are getting drier. The data suggest this pattern is due to many factors, including human water management practices, human-caused cl
2018-05-16 00:00:00
Climate change should help Midwest corn production through 2050
Contrary to previous analyses, research published by Michigan State University shows that projected changes in temperature and humidity will not lead to greater water use in corn. This means that while changes in temperatures and humidity trend as they ha
2018-05-16 00:00:00
Pay-backs to Africa from the Paris Agreement's temperature targets
Scientsits investigate potential benefits to Africa of limiting global warming to 1.5°C instead of 2°C. The study suggests that continued efforts to limit warming to 0.5 °C lower than 2°C offer substantial paybacks in terms of reducing
2018-05-16 00:00:00
Global 2 degrees C rise doubles population exposed to multiple climate risks compared to 1.5 degrees
New research identifying climate vulnerability hotspots has found that the number of people affected by multiple climate change risks could double if the global temperature rises by 2 degrees C, compared to a rise of 1.5 degrees C.
2018-05-16 00:00:00
Waterloo study says insurance industry dangerously unprepared for extreme weather
As historic flooding caused by climate change devastates communities in New Brunswick and British Columbia, new research from the University of Waterloo reveals the insurance industry hasn't considered a changing climate in their practices, putting homeow
2018-05-15 00:00:00
Traditional knowledge sheds light on changing East Greenland climate and polar bear hunt
Inuit polar bear hunters in East Greenland report changes to their subsistence hunting patterns as well as polar bear distribution and behavior due to decreasing sea ice and the introduction of hunting quotas in 2006. The study is the first in nearly 20 y
2018-05-15 00:00:00
New approach to global-warming projections could make regional estimates more precise
A new method for projecting how the temperature will respond to human impacts supports the outlook for substantial global warming throughout this century -- but also indicates that, in many regions, warming patterns are likely to vary significantly from t
2018-05-15 00:00:00
Antarctic seals can help predict ice sheet melt
Two species of seal found in Antarctic seas are helping scientists collect data about the temperature and salinity of waters around vulnerable ice sheets in West Antarctica. Understanding more about how this water gets towards the ice shelves by measuring
2018-05-15 00:00:00
How far to go for satellite cloud image forecasting into operation
Simulated satellite cloud images not only have the visualization of cloud imagery, but also can reflect more information about the model. Using the atmospheric radiation transfer model and high-resolution numerical weather forecast results, researchers fr
2018-05-15 00:00:00
What financial markets, cancer cells, and global warming have in common
A team of biophysicists from Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) presents a mathematically concise method for comparing different pricing models in their latest publication in Nature Communications. This enables researchers t
2018-05-14 00:00:00
Uncertainty in long-run economic growth likely points toward greater emissions, climate change costs
A challenge in estimating the extent and cost of damages from climate change over the next 100 years is developing forecasts of long-run economic growth. In a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, researchers from the
2018-05-14 00:00:00
As CO2 Levels Soar Past 'Troubling' 410 ppm Threshold, Trump Kills NASA Carbon Monitoring
<div class="field field--name-field-hp-author field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Jessica Corbett, staff writer</div></div></div>&l
2018-05-11 16:08:38
Projecting climate change along the Millennium Silk Road in a warmer world
Scientists projected both mean and extreme climate changes using the ensemble mean of CMIP5 models over western China and central Asia. The comparison of mean and extreme climate changes under 1.5°C and 2°C global warming scenarios highlights th
2018-05-11 00:00:00
Trump White House axes Nasa research into greenhouse gas cuts
Cutting Nasa's research jeopardises the ability to measure climate change progress, a journal reveals.
2018-05-10 20:32:46
Cassava breeding hasn't improved photosynthesis or yield potential
University of Illinois researchers analyzed four African cultivars to find out how breeding has impacted photosynthesis -- the process that transforms light energy and carbon dioxide into yield. They found that unimproved landraces of cassava - cultivars
2018-05-10 00:00:00
Big mamma fish give proportionally bigger reproductive outputs
Even accounting for their proportionate size, bigger female fish produce many more offspring than smaller fish, a new study reveals. The results hold implications for fisheries managers, since climate change is expected to reduce the size of fish (and thu
2018-05-10 00:00:00
Climate geoengineering research should include developing countries
An appeal on projects that could mask global warming is published in Nature by scientists from 12 countries, including Brazilian Paulo Artaxo.
2018-05-09 00:00:00
Climate change may even threaten one of the world's most resilient lizards
Bahamian anole lizards are popular exotic pets and are found throughout the Western Hemisphere, suggesting that they are extremely adaptable creatures. A new study suggests that their adaptability may not extend to the temperature changes predicted by cli
2018-05-09 00:00:00
An innovation that opens horizons for greenhouse gases' remote monitoring
Brazilian researchers combine chip technology with laser calibration to enhance an infrared spectrometer which could be integrated to drones, smartphones and other portable devices.
2018-05-08 00:00:00
Carbon satellite to serve as an important tool for politicians and climate change experts
A new satellite that measures and provides detailed carbon balance information is one of the most important new tools in carbon measurement since infrared light, believe researchers from the University of Copenhagen. The researchers expect the satellite t
2018-05-08 00:00:00

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