Clues on how soils may respond to climate change found Rock core samples from a period of warming millions of years ago indicate soils contributed to a rapid rise in atmospheric greenhouse gas and suggest modern climate models may overestimate Earth's ability to mitigate future warming, according to an intern
Volcanoes shaped the climate before humankind Five large volcanic eruptions occurred in the early 19th century. They caused cooling and -- as a study led by the University of Bern shows -- to drying in the monsoon regions and glaciers growing in the Alps. The study shows that the pre-industrial clima
The climate is warming faster than it has in the last 2,000 years In contrast to pre-industrial climate fluctuations, current, anthropogenic climate change is occurring across the whole world at the same time. In addition, the speed of global warming is higher than it has been in at least 2,000 years. That's according t
Is deadly Candida auris a product of global warming? A drug-resistant fungus species called Candida auris, which was first identified 10 years ago and has since caused hundreds of deadly outbreaks in hospitals around the world, may have become a human pathogen in part due to global warming, according to thr
How climate change disrupts relationships Plants rely on bees for pollination; bees need plants to supply nectar and pollen. Scientists from the University of Würzburg have studied how climate change affects these mutualistic interactions.
Climate change could revive medieval megadroughts in US Southwest A study published in Science Advances provides the first comprehensive theory for why there were clusters of megadroughts in the American Southwest during Medieval times. The authors found that ocean temperature conditions plus high radiative forcing -- w
New study identifies causes of multidecadal climate changes A new reconstruction of global average surface temperature change over the past 2,000 years has identified the main causes for decade-scale climate changes. The new temperature reconstruction also largely agrees with climate model simulations of the same
Ozone threat from climate change We know the recent extreme heat is something that we can expect more of as a result of increasing temperatures due to climate change. But a new study from the University of Delaware warns that there's another impact -- worsened air quality due to an incre
Fussy fish can have their coral, and eat it too Fussy fish seeking refuge from climate change on deeper reefs can still keep their specialised diets. The corals they prey upon change their own diets to survive the different environment at depth. This ensures their fussy predators are still well-fed!
Climate changes faster than animals adapt Although animals do commonly respond to climate change, such responses are in general insufficient to cope with the rapid pace of rising temperatures and sometimes go in wrong directions.
Rise of Candida auris blamed on global warming Global warming may have played a pivotal role in the emergence of Candida auris, according to a new study published in mBio, an open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. C. auris, which is often multi-drug resistant and is a serious pu
Analysis result of the proxy-method based retrievals from GOSAT2 Greenhouse gasses Observing SATellite-2 (GOSAT-2) developed jointly by the Ministry of the Environment, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and the National Institute for Environmental Studies was successfully launched on October 29, 2018 from
Smart irrigation model predicts rainfall to conserve water A predictive model combining information about plant physiology, real-time soil conditions and weather forecasts can help make more informed decisions about when and how much to irrigate. This could save 40 percent of the water consumed by more traditiona
Species on the move A total of 55 animal species in the UK have been displaced from their natural ranges or enabled to arrive for the first time on UK shores because of climate change over the last 10 years (2008-2018) -- as revealed in a new study published today by scienti
Correcting historic sea surface temperature measurements Why did the oceans warm and cool at such different rates in the early 20th century? New research from Harvard University and the UK's National Oceanography Centre points to an answer both as mundane as a decimal point truncation and as complicated as glob
What counts for our climate: Carbon budgets untangled The more CO2 we emit from burning coal and oil and gas, the more we heat our climate -- this sounds simple, and it is. Different analyzes have come up with different estimates of how much CO2 humankind can still emit if we want to hold global warming to t
Lifting the fog on carbon budgets The concept of a carbon budget has become a popular tool in guiding climate policy since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report was released in 2014. IIASA researchers were involved in the development of a framework
Tracking down climate change with radar eyes Over the past 22 years, sea levels in the Arctic have risen an average of 2.2 millimeters per year. This is the conclusion of a Danish-German research team after evaluating 1.5 billion radar measurements of various satellites using specially developed alg
Joshua trees facing extinction They outlived mammoths and saber-toothed tigers. But without dramatic action to reduce climate change, new research shows Joshua trees won't survive much past this century.
Model development is crucial in understanding climate change Preliminary evaluation suggests that FGOALS-f3-L can capture the basic patterns of atmospheric circulation and precipitation well, and these datasets could contribute to the benchmark of current model behaviors for the desired continuity of CMIP. Analysi
Warming climate intensifes summer drought in parts of US, study finds Researchers using climate data from before and after the Industrial Revolution found that in regions with low soil moisture, higher temperatures brought about by climate change led to a 'coupling' of land and atmosphere, which increased the severity of he
Coral skeleton crystals record ocean acidification The acidification of the oceans is recorded in the crystals of the coral skeleton. This is a new tool for studying past environmental changes and combating climate change. Such is the main conclusion of a study led by the Spanish scientist Ismael Coronado
New developments with Chinese satellites over the past decade To date, 17 Chinese self-developed FengYun (FY) meteorological satellites have been launched, which are widely applied in weather analysis, numerical weather forecasting and climate prediction, as well as environment and disaster monitoring. Currently, se
Will your future computer be made using bacteria? Graphene is a revolutionary nanomaterial, the discovery of which led to a Nobel Prize. By mixing graphite with bacteria, Rochester scientists are making graphene easier and more environmentally friendly to produce, paving the way for future products and a
How to discover new materials quickly A lot hinges on new materials -including efficient energy conversion for environmentally friendly engines of the future. In the past and still today, chance plays a great role for the discovery of new materials, according to Professor Alfred Ludwig, Chair
Shared e-cargo bikes: boom and barriers in Basel Sustainable means of mobility are becoming ever more popular. In Switzerland, around 15,000 people have registered with the online platform carvelo2go, which hires out electric cargo bikes. The use of this sharing service in the Basel area is now the subj
Scientists decode DNA secrets of world's toughest bean UC Riverside scientists have decoded the genome of black-eyed peas, offering hope for feeding Earth's expanding population, especially as the climate changes. Understanding the genes responsible for the peas' drought and heat tolerance eventually could he
Jurassic shift: Changing the rules of evolution Is the success of species mainly dependent on environmental factors such as climate changes or do interactions between the species have a greater role to play? A British-German study involving Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kießling from Friedrich-Alexander-Univ
Left out to dry: A more efficient way to harvest algae biomass Researchers at the University of Tsukuba develop a new system for evaporating the water from algae biomass with reusable nanoporous graphene, which can lead to cheaper, more environmentally friendly biofuels and fine chemicals.
Fish die-offs linked to hotter summers Fish die-offs in Wisconsin lakes are expected to double by mid-century and quadruple by 2100 due to warmer summer temperatures, according to a study published today in the journal Nature Climate Change.
Producing graphene from carbon dioxide The general public knows the chemical compound of carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas in the atmosphere and because of its global-warming effect. However, carbon dioxide can also be a useful raw material for chemical reactions. A working group at Karlsruhe
How trees could save the climate Around 0.9 billion hectares of land worldwide would be suitable for reforestation, which could ultimately capture two thirds of human-made carbon emissions. The Crowther Lab of ETH Zurich has published a study in the journal Science that shows this would
The global tree restoration potential Restoration of the Earth's forests is the world's most effective solution to climate change available today and has the potential to capture two thirds of man-made carbon emissions, finds landmark research by the Crowther Lab, published today in the journ
Black (nano)gold combat climate change By using the techniques of nanotechnology, we transformed golden gold to black gold, by simply changing the size and gaps between gold nanoparticles. Now, like real trees, where they use CO2, sunlight and water to produce food, our developed black gold ac
Analysis finds US ecosystems shifting hundreds of miles north Researchers with the Center for Resilience in Working Agricultural Landscapes used 50 years of data on bird distributions and concluded that ecosystems have shifted northward by hundreds of miles. The data suggests that climate change and other phenomena
Scientists alarmed by bark beetle boom Bark beetles are currently responsible for killing an unprecedented number of trees in forests across Europe and North America. Why the beetle populations first explode to decline naturally after a few years is largely unknown. Researchers are therefore u
Well-meaning climate measures can make matters worse Lifestyle changes can reduce our greenhouse gas emissions and help protect nature. While some actions offer great potential, some aren't as effective as we think and may even require more land and water, such as shifting to renewable energy.
How to protect corals facing climate change The best way to protect corals threatened by climate change is to conserve a wide range of their habitats, according to a study in Nature Climate Change. The finding likely applies to conservation efforts for many other species in the ocean and on land, i
Botox cousin can reduce malaria in an environmentally friendly way Researchers at the universities in Stockholm and Lund, in collaboration with researchers from the University of California, have found a new toxin that selectively targets mosquitos. This can lead to innovative and environmentally friendly approaches to r
Insects need empathy In February, environmentalists in Germany collected 1.75 million signatures for a 'save the bees law.' Citizens can stop insect declines by halting habitat loss and fragmentation, producing food without pesticides and limiting climate change, say the auth
The water future of Earth's 'third pole' One-seventh of the world's population depends on rivers flowing from Asia's high mountain ranges for water to drink and to irrigate crops. Rapid changes in the region's climate are likely to influence food and water security in India, Pakistan, China and
Towards a worldwide inventory of all plants Declining biodiversity due to man-made habitat destruction and climate change means that information about plant diversity and its distribution across the planet is now crucial for biodiversity conservation. With the Global Inventory of Floras and Traits
Conceptual model can explain how thunderstorm clouds bunch together Understanding how the weather and climate change is one of the most important challenges in science today. A new theoretical study from associate professor, Jan Härter, at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, presents a new mechanism f
Tropical soil disturbance could be hidden source of CO2 Florida State researchers working in the Democratic Republic of the Congo found a link between the churning of deep soils during deforestation and the release of carbon dioxide through streams and rivers.
Damage to the ozone layer and climate change forming feedback loop Increased solar radiation penetrating through the damaged ozone layer is interacting with the changing climate, and the consequences are rippling through the Earth's natural systems, effecting everything from weather to the health and abundance of sea mam
The women fighting for Lapland As climate change affects the livelihoods of Finland's indigenous Sami people, a proposed new Arctic railway, forestry and mining could change Lapland forever.
Post-Soviet food system changes led to greenhouse gas reductions Changes in agriculture, trade, food production and consumption after the collapse of the Soviet Union led to a large reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, a new study has found. From 1991 to 2011, there was a net emissions reduction of 7.61 gigatons (Gt)
Study predicts more long-term sea level rise from Greenland ice Greenland's melting ice sheet could generate more sea level rise than previously thought if greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase and warm the atmosphere at their current rate, according to a new modeling study. The study, which used data from NAS
Methods and models It's a well-known fact that the ocean is one of the biggest absorbers of the carbon dioxide emitted by way of human activity. What's less well known is how the ocean's processes for absorbing that carbon change over time, and how they might affect its abi
South African forests show pathways to a sustainable future Native forests make up 1percent of the landscape in South Africa but could play a key role in reducing atmospheric carbon and identifying sustainable development practices that can be used globally to counter climate change, according to a Penn State rese
Is glue the answer to climate change? A small amount of cheap epoxy resin replaces bulky support materials in making effective carbon capture solid sorbents, developed by scientists at the Energy Safety Research Institute of Swansea University.
Frog protein may mitigate dangers posed by toxic marine microbes A new study from UC San Francisco suggests that a protein found in the common bullfrog may one day be used to detect and neutralize a poisonous compound produced by red tides and other harmful algal blooms. The discovery comes as these waterborne toxic ev
New research shows an iceless Greenland may be in our future New research from the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute shows that Greenland may be ice-free by the year 3000. This research uses new data on the landscape under the ice to make breakthroughs in modeling the island's future. The finding
Columbia researcher studies how climate change affects crops in India In a paper published in Environmental Research Letters, Columbia Researcher Kyle Davis found that the yields from grains such as millet, sorghum, and maize are more resilient to extreme weather in India; their yields vary significantly less due to year-to