Using data mining to make sense of climate change Georgia Techhas developed a new way of mining data from climate data sets that is more self-contained than traditional tools. The methodology brings out commonalities of data sets without as much expertise from the user, allowing scientists to trust the d
Timing of spring birdsong provides climate insights Climate change has scientists worried that birds' annual migration and reproduction will be thrown out of sync with the seasons. Because birds' songs are correlated with their breeding behavior and are easily identifiable to species, monitoring birdsong c
Researchers explore psychological effects of climate change While some people have little anxiety about the Earth's changing climate, others are experiencing high levels of stress, and even depression, based on their perception of the threat of global climate change, researchers found. Psychological responses to c
Coping with climate stress in Antarctica Some Antarctic fish living in the planet's coldest waters are able to cope with the stress of rising carbon dioxide levels the ocean. They can even tolerate slightly warmer waters. But they can't deal with both climate change stressors at the same time, a
New catalyst for hydrogen production is a step toward clean fuel A nanostructured composite material developed at UC Santa Cruz has shown impressive performance as a catalyst for the electrochemical splitting of water to produce hydrogen. An efficient, low-cost catalyst is essential for realizing the promise of hydroge
Unexpected environmental source of methane discovered Roughly 10 percent of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms contain the genetic code for manufacturing a back-up enzyme, called iron iron-only nitrogenase, to do their job. New research reveals that this enzyme allows these microorganisms to convert nitrogen ga
Hot topic Can a series of scorching summers be blamed on climate change, and what do they tell us?
How climate change alters plant growth Global warming affects more than just plant biodiversity -- it even alters the way plants grow. A team of researchers at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) joined forces with the Leibniz Institute for Plant Biochemistry (IPB) to discover whic
The negative impact of climate change on freshwater bodies A lot of research is being conducted into the acidification of the world's oceans. A recent study has proved that freshwater bodies are likewise affected. Rising carbon dioxide levels could upset the balance of species.
Hiding from a warmer climate in the forest Global warming threatens forest plants adapted to cooler temperatures. An international team of scientists from the universities of Stockholm, Marseille and Helsinki have unraveled where these species could survive within colder spots in the same forest.
California's water saving brings bonus effects Water-saving measures in California have also led to substantial reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and electricity consumption in the state.That is the conclusion of new research from the University of California, Davis, published today in the
A biological solution to carbon capture and recycling? Scientists at the University of Dundee have discovered that E. coli bacteria could hold the key to an efficient method of capturing and storing or recycling carbon dioxide. Professor Frank Sargent and colleagues at the University of Dundee's School of Lif
A thermometer for the oceans The average sea temperature is an essential parameter of the global climate - but it is very difficult to measure. At least until now, because an international team of researchers including Empa scientists have now developed a novel method using the conce
New principles to guide corporate investment towards climate goals A new set of principles are needed to address the moral challenge of climate change. These principles, developed by a team of researchers at the Oxford Martin School, and published this week in Nature Climate Change, are a set of scientifically-grounded t
How genes will save or fail birds in the face of climate change A new study analyzing the genomes of yellow warblers in North America reveals how some subpopulations are more 'genetically vulnerable' to changes associated with climate change; furthermore, it finds that genes linked to exploratory and migratory behavio
The ocean is losing its breath. Here's the global scope In the past 50 years, the amount of water in the open ocean with zero oxygen has risen more than fourfold. In coastal water bodies, low-oxygen sites have increased more than 10-fold since 1950. Scientists expect oxygen to continue dropping even outside th
Predicting the effect of climate change on crop yields Scientists now have a new tool to predict the future effects of climate change on crop yields. Researchers from University of Illinois are attempting to bridge two types of computational crop models to become more reliable predictors of crop production in
A fossil fuel technology that doesn't pollute Engineers at The Ohio State University are developing technologies that have the potential to economically convert fossil fuels and biomass into useful products including electricity without emitting carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.
A changing climate, changing wine A new Harvard study suggests that, though vineyards might be able to counteract some of the effects of climate change by planting lesser-known grape varieties, scientists and vintners need to better understand the wide diversity of grapes and their adapti
Curbing climate change Humans may be the dominant cause of global temperature rise, but they may also be a crucial factor in helping to reduce it, according to a new study that for the first time builds a novel model to measure the effects of behavior on climate.
Study predicts a significantly drier world at 2ºC New research predicts a significantly drier world if global warming reaches 2ºC.Over a quarter of the world's land could become significantly drier and the change would cause an increased threat of drought and wildfires. Limiting warming to under 1.5
Busy year for storms Was the remarkable 2017 hurricane season the worst ever? And did climate change play any part?
Climate change: Soil animals cannot explain self-reinforcing effect Leipzig. When the soil warms up, it releases more carbon dioxide (CO2) -- an effect that further fuels climate change. Until now, it had been assumed that the reason for this was mainly due to the presence of small soil animals and microorganisms that wou
Climate change may favor large plant eaters over small competitors In the drive to survive changing climates, larger herbivores may fare slightly better than their smaller competitors, according to new research from the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis and the Yale School of Forestry and Envir
Warmer, wetter climate could mean stronger, more intense storms How would today's weather patterns look in a warmer, wetter atmosphere -- an expected shift portended by climate change?In a new paper, Colorado State University researcher Kristen Rasmussen offers new insight into this question -- specifically, how thund
The shrinking moose of Isle Royale Climate change and predator-prey dynamics with wolves make for smaller moose. Ecologists compare skull measurements spanning four decades gathered at Isle Royale National Park. For the booming moose population of Isle Royale, a key species in the world's
New technique could make captured carbon more valuable Carbon capture could help coal plants reduce emissions if economic challenges can be overcome. Turning captured carbon into a useable product is one solution. Scientists have developed an efficient process for turning captured carbon dioxide into syngas t
Northeast farmers weigh warming climate, drenched fields Farmers in the Northeast are adapting to longer growing seasons and warming climate conditions -- but they may face spring-planting whiplash as they confront fields increasingly saturated with rain, according to a research paper published in the journal C
Climate change made Harvey rainfall 15 percent more intense Scientists from World Weather Attribution and Rice University have found that human-caused climate change made the record rainfall that fell over Houston during Hurricane Harvey roughly three times more likely and 15 percent more intense.
UVB radiation influences behavior of sticklebacks Fish cannot see ultraviolet B rays but still change their behavior when they grow up under increased UVB intensity. According to studies by biologists at the University of Bonn on three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus), increased UVB leads to
Sea-level rise projections made hazy by Antarctic instability It may take until the 2060s to know how much the sea level will rise by the end of this century, according to a new Rutgers University-New Brunswick-led analysis. The study is the first to link global and local sea-level rise projections with simulations
Arctic influences Eurasian weather and climate Over the past decades the Arctic has lost 65% of its sea ice volume. The atmosphere above the Arctic has been rapidly warming and moistening at the same time. The Arctic might be perceived as a remote and sparsely populated area, the changes there may be
Birth of a storm in the Arabian Sea validates climate model Researchers from Princeton University and NOAA report in the journal Nature Climate Change that extreme cyclones that formed in the Arabian Sea for the first time in 2014 are the result of global warming and will likely increase in frequency. Their model
Researchers model optimal amount of rainfall for plants Researchers have determined what could be considered a 'Goldilocks' climate for rainfall use by plants: not too wet and not too dry. But those landscapes are likely to shrink and become less productive in the future through climate change.
Quantifying the greenhouse gas footprint of crop cultivation The GHG footprint is an index used to indicate the climate change impact potential exerted by crop production. However, severe problems or drawbacks in the quantification of GHG footprints still exist, which has limited the applicability of the GHG footpr
The human race has peaked Newly emerging trends in data suggests humans may have reached their maximum limits for height, lifespan and physical performance. These biological limitations may be affected by anthropogenic impacts on the environment -- including climate change -- whic
More-severe climate model predictions could be the most accurate The climate models that project greater amounts of warming this century are the ones that best align with observations of the current climate, according to a new paper from Carnegie's Patrick Brown and Ken Caldeira published by Nature. Their findings sug
Catalyzing carbon dioxide Scientists at the Rowland Institute at Harvard have developed a system that uses renewable electricity to electrochemically transform carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide -- a key commodity used in any number of industrial processes.
To drop CO2 emissions, look to local transportation and housing Local efforts in the transportation and residential-housing sectors could help the United States meet the greenhouse gas reduction commitment it made as a Paris Climate Accord signatory, according to research from John Landis and Erick Guerra of the Unive
Highly efficient photocatalyst capable of carbon dioxide recycling A research team from Korea has developed titanium dioxide-based photocatalyst with the highest efficiency in the world that converts carbon dioxide into methane.The result is expected to be applied to technologies to reduce and reuse carbon dioxide.
Debate over doubt New research shows more varied opinions about climate change among Republicans than political leaders suggest.
Science community considers approaches to climate disinformation Although human-caused global warming is accepted by leading scientific organization around the world, public opinion about humanity's role fails to keep pace with consensus views. Numerous Internet blogs have contributed to this 'consensus gap' by misrepr
Getting a better handle on methane emissions from livestock Cattle, swine and poultry contribute a hefty portion to the average American's diet, but raising all this livestock comes at a cost to the environment: The industry produces a lot of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Just how much gas the animals release,
Not all Republicans are climate change doubters The idea that all Republicans think climate change isn't happening is a myth. A new study published in Springer's journal Climatic Change finds substantial differences in the climate change views of both Republicans and Democrats across different states a
Turning emissions into fuel Turning pollution into fuel: A new MIT method could be used to transform greenhouse gases into useful fuels and chemicals, right at the power plant.
As climate warms, mice morph New research by McGill University biologists shows that milder winters have led to physical alterations in two species of mice in southern Quebec in the past 50 years -- providing a textbook example of the consequences of climate change for small mammals.
Meadows beat out shrubs when it comes to storing carbon While the world focuses on controlling global warming caused by CO2 emissions from fossil fuels, less attention has been paid to the capacity of vegetation and soils to take up and store carbon. A remote field site in the Norwegian mountains is improving
Opening windows and doors may improve sleep A recent Indoor Air study found that opening windows or doors before going to bed can reduce carbon dioxide levels in bedrooms and improve sleep quality.
Worldwide increase in methane bubbles due to climate change Due to climate change, including rising temperatures, more and more methane is bubbling up from lakes, ponds, rivers and wetlands throughout the world. The release of methane -- a potent greenhouse gas -- leads to a further increase in temperature, thus c
Bridging the gap Researchers develop a potentially low-cost, low-emissions technology that can convert methane without forming carbon dioxide.
The latest poop from the turkey coop Treated excrement from turkeys, chickens and other poultry, when converted to combustible solid biomass fuel, could replace approximately 10 percent of coal used in electricity generation, reducing greenhouse gases and providing an alternative energy sour
UTSA researcher studies evolution of climate change activism Climate change is a topic that is debated, doubted and covered by news outlets across the world. Luis Hestres, in the Department of Communication at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), is researching the evolution of climate change activism and
Researchers pin down one source of a potent greenhouse gas Researchers have discovered the first known methane-producing microbe that is active in an oxygen-rich environment -- a finding that suggests today's global climate models may be misjudging the amount of methane being released into the atmosphere.
Evaluation of novel hybrid membranes for carbon capture Hybrid materials known as mixed matrix membranes are considered a promising approach to capture carbon dioxide and mitigate against global warming. These materials are derived from a polymer combined with porous nanoparticles. We show that materials prepa
Warmer water signals change for Scotland's shags An increasingly catholic diet among European shags at one of Scotland's best-studied breeding colonies has been linked to long-term climate change and may have important implications for Scotland's seabirds.
Groundwater recharge in the American west under climate change Groundwater recharge in the Western US will change as the climate warms -- the dry southern regions will have less and the northern regions will have more, according to new research. The new study covers the entire US West, from the High Plains states to
Species in the north are more vulnerable to climate change For the first time, researchers have proposed the hypothesis that animals that live in climate zones at a safe distance from both the poles as well as the tropics have the most to gain from acclimating to changes in climate. The findings contradict previo
Scientists team up on study to save endangered African penguins A first-of-its-kind study on prognostic health indicators in the endangered African penguin provides invaluable information to preserve and rehabilitate this seabird. Competition with fisheries, oil spills, climate change, diseases and predators are all c
Texas' odds of Harvey-scale rainfall to increase by end of century An MIT study finds Texas' risk of Harvey-scale rainfall will increase by the end of this century. By 2100, the annual probability of Hurricane Harvey's record rainfall returning to Texas will rise to 18 percent, if the growth of greenhouse gas emissions c
Record high CO2 emissions delay global peak Global emissions of carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels have risen again after a three year hiatus, according to new figures from the Global Carbon Project (GCP).
Green rooves to reduce the effects of climate change it would be necessary to have between 207 and 740 hectares of green rooves in a city like Seville (Spain), depending on the scenario that is contemplated, to reduce the effects of climate change in relation to the maximum temperature rises of between 1.5
Breeding highly productive corn has reduced its ability to adapt Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison wanted to know whether the last 100 years of selecting for corn that is acclimated to particular locations has changed its ability to adapt to new or stressful environments. By measuring populations of co
Cool textiles to beat the heat Air-conditioned buildings bring welcome relief to people coming in from the heat. But creating that comfort comes with a cost to our wallets and the environment in the form of increased energy bills and greenhouse gas emissions. Now researchers report in
Fully integrated circuits printed directly onto fabric Researchers have successfully incorporated washable, stretchable and breathable electronic circuits into fabric, opening up new possibilities for smart textiles and wearable electronics. The circuits were made with cheap, safe and environmentally friendly
Climate change, sparse policies endanger right whale population North Atlantic right whales -- a highly endangered species making modest population gains in the past decade - may be imperiled by warming waters and insufficient international protection, according to a new Cornell University analysis published in Global
How climate change may reshape subalpine wildflower communities An unseasonably warm, dry summer in 2015 on Washington state's Mount Rainier caused subalpine wildflowers to change their bloom times and form 'reassembled' communities, with unknown consequences for species interactions among wildflowers, pollinators and
NASA's GPM radar spots tornado spawning thunderstorms in Ohio Valley Severe weather that rolled through the Ohio Valley on Nov. 5 was analyzed by NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite. GPM provided forecasters at the National Weather Service with rain rates and cloud heights that showed where str
Australian tourism policies fail to address climate change Despite evidence that tourism contributes to climate change, Australia's Federal and State governments are failing to produce effective long-term tourism policy to address climate change, according to the findings of new QUT-led research.