In measuring gas exchange between water and air, size matters A new study finds that the variability in gas exchange rates in small ponds increases with lake size -- an important finding since gas exchange variability is not well accounted for in global models of greenhouse gas emissions from inland waters.
Paris 1.5°C target may be smashed by 2026 What appears to be a recent change to a positive phase of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation is likely to accelerate global warming, breaking through the agreed Paris target of 1.5°C by as early as 2026.
New research could transform how we filter water A new process for water filtration using carbon dioxide consumes one thousand times less energy than conventional methods, scientific research published recently has shown.
Scientists track porpoises to assess impact of offshore wind farms A new study is the first in a series to understand how marine mammals like porpoises, whales, and dolphins may be impacted by the construction of wind farms off the coast of Maryland. The new research offers insight into previously unknown habits of harbo
Scientists reveal new and improved genome sequence of Daphnia pulex By understanding how they respond to toxic elements, scientists can look at how environmental changes caused by agriculture and road runoff or warming temperatures and climate change could impact populations in lakes, rivers and standing bodies of water.
Climate change, tornadoes and mobile homes: A dangerous mix Tornadoes and mobile homes don't mix to begin with, but throw in the volatility of climate change and the potential for massive property damage and deaths is even higher in coming decades, indicates a new study by Michigan State University researchers.
NASA to measure greenhouse gases over the mid-Atlantic region in may In May, a team of Goddard scientists will begin measuring greenhouse gases over the Mid-Atlantic region -- an area chosen in part because it encompasses a range of vegetation, climate and soil types that would influence the exchange of carbon dioxide and
Domino effect in pharmaceutical synthesis Chemists at Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) headed by Prof. Dr. Svetlana B. Tsogoeva at the Chair of Organic Chemistry I have made research into pharmaceutical ingredient synthesis more efficient, more sustainable and mor
Modern metabolic science yields better way to calculate indoor CO2 The air we breathe out can help us improve the quality of the air we breathe in. But to do so, one needs a reliable way to calculate the concentration of carbon dioxide we produce indoors. Researchers at NIST and George Mason University have developed a n
Feeling the heat How has thermal comfort changed in recent decades over China against the background of the global warming? Scientists carried out an investigation over the Chinese mainland using the index of effective temperature (ET), which combines the effects of tempe
Scientists examine impact of high-severity fires on conifer forests The ability of some Western conifer forests to recover after severe fire may become increasingly limited as the climate continues to warm, scientists from the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) and Harvard Forest found in a new study publis
Several EPA programs face possible elimination under Trump proposal The Trump administration's proposed plan for the US Environmental Protection Agency includes completely defunding several programs related to climate change, public health and pollution, according to an internal agency memo that was leaked to the media la
Predicting the movement and impacts of microplastic pollution Microplastics, which are particles measuring less than 5 mm, are of increasing concern. They not only become more relevant as other plastic marine litter breaks down into tiny particles, they also interact with species in a range of marine habitats. A stu
Climate change predicted to increase Nile flow variability The unpredictable annual flow of the Nile River is legendary, as evidenced by the story of Joseph and the Pharaoh, whose dream foretold seven years of abundance followed by seven years of famine in a land whose agriculture was, and still is, utterly depen
Climate change clues revealed by ice sheet collapse The rapid decline of ancient ice sheets could help scientists predict the impact of modern-day climate and sea-level change, according to research by the universities of Stirling in Scotland and Tromsø in Norway.
New research unlocks forests' potential in climate change mitigation For the first time, scientists have created a global map measuring the cooling effect forests generate by regulating the exchange of water and energy between the Earth's surface and the atmosphere. The information offers a valuable new tool in efforts to
Universities release results on nitrogen footprints Researchers have developed a large-scale method for calculating the nitrogen footprint of a university in the pursuit of reducing nitrogen pollution, which is linked to a cascade of negative impacts on the environment and human health, such as biodiversit
Can barnacle geese predict the climate? The breeding grounds of Arctic migratory birds such as the barnacle goose are changing rapidly due to accelerated warming in the polar regions. They won't be able to keep up with this climate change unless they can somehow anticipate it. A research team f
Study on impact of climate change on snowpack loss in Western US An international team of scientists, including one from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, has found that up to 20 percent loss in the annual maximum amount of water contained in the Western United States' mountain snowpack in the last three decades
Cover crops may be used to mitigate and adapt to climate change Cover crops long have been touted for their ability to reduce erosion, fix atmospheric nitrogen, reduce nitrogen leaching and improve soil health, but they also may play an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change on agriculture.
Banned industrial solvent sheds new light on methane mystery Since 2007, scientists have been searching to find the cause of a sudden and unexpected global rise in atmospheric methane, a potent greenhouse gas, following almost a decade in which concentrations had stayed relatively constant.
Methane seeps in the Canadian high Arctic Cretaceous climate warming led to a significant methane release from the seafloor, indicating potential for similar destabilization of gas hydrates under modern global warming. A field campaign on the remote Ellef Ringnes Island, Canadian High Arctic, dis
New study emphasizes the relative scarcity of lake water What is the volume of water in lakes on Earth? Using a mathematical analysis, researcher David Seekell, at Umeå University, and his American collaborators now suggest that the mean depth of lakes is 30 percent lower than previously estimated. Shallow
Next 10 years critical for achieving climate change goals In order to have a good chance of meeting the limits set by the Paris Agreement, it will be necessary to both reduce greenhouse gas emissions while preserving carbon sinks, with net emissions peaking in the next 10 years, according to a new study.
New night lights maps open up possible real-time applications New global maps of Earth at night provide the clearest-ever composite view of the patterns of human settlement across our planet. The NASA team is also now automating nighttime imagery processing to make the data available within hours of acquisition -- p
All in one against CO2 A 'self-heating' boron catalyst that makes particularly efficient use of sunlight to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) serves as a light harvester, photothermal converter, hydrogen generator, and catalyst in one. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, researchers in
Assessing the impact of climate risks on the financial system Climate change brings new risks for financial investments, in particular for pension funds. An international research team coordinated by the University of Zurich has developed a 'climate stress-test' for financial institutions. Results suggest that while
When peaceful coexistence suddenly turns into competition Biologists agree that climate change reduces biological diversity. The specific processes that ultimately cause species to go extinct have, however, been little studied so far. Scientists at the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) a
When old growth beats old school A fifteen-year study in Vermont shows that imitating old-growth forests enhances carbon storage in managed forestland far better than conventional forestry techniques. The new approach holds promise for landowners aiming to profit in carbon markets or con
Performance of the RegCM4 regional climate model over China The RegCM series of models are widely used throughout the world and in China. Applications range from paleo and present-day climate simulation, to mechanistic analyses, studies of atmospheric chemistry and aerosols, and climate change projections. Recentl
Paintings, sunspots and frost fairs: Rethinking the Little Ice Age The whole concept of the 'Little Ice Age' is 'misleading,' as the changes were small-scale, seasonal and insignificant compared with present-day global warming, a group of solar and climate scientists argue. The new work, led by Prof Mike Lockwood of the
A step forward to making crops drought tolerant QUT researchers are part of an international consortium of researchers whose work hopes to future-proof crops against the impacts of global climate change. The researchers have sequenced the genome of the 'resurrection plant' Xerophyta viscosa, revealing