Climate change responsible for the great diversity in horses Changing environments and ecosystems were driving the evolution of horses over the past 20 million years. This is the main conclusion of a new study published in Science by a team of paleontologists from Spain and Argentina. The team analyzed 140 species
Combined count data reveals shifts in hawks' migratory behavior Bird species' distributions and migratory behavior are shifting in response to changes in climate and land-use, but surveys that focus on a particular season can cause scientists to miss trends in the bigger picture. A new study from The Condor: Ornitholo
Allen's Hummingbird boom missed by breeding bird surveys Allen's Hummingbird has been placed on several conservation watchlists, as breeding bird surveys indicating population declines have spurred concerns that climate change may push it out of Southern California. However, local birdwatchers have reported at
Low-cost imaging system detects natural gas leaks in real time Researchers have developed an infrared imaging system that could one day offer low-cost, real-time detection of methane gas leaks in pipelines and at oil and gas facilities. Leaks of methane, the primary component of natural gas, can be costly and dangero
Wetlands play vital role in carbon storage, study finds Human activity and development are correlated with reduced carbon storage in wetland soils, a new study published in Nature Communications shows. The study, the first conducted using soil samples from wetlands on a national scale, sheds light on the impor
Coastal wetlands excel at storing carbon A new analysis co-authored by a University of Maryland scientist suggests that, while coastal wetlands serve as effective 'blue carbon' storage reservoirs for carbon dioxide, other marine ecosystems do not store carbon for long periods of time.
The making of Antarctica A group of researchers, led by scientists in McGill University's Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, suggest that the best way to understand the creation of the glaciers in Antarctica is by linking two competing theories about their origins. They argue
Climate change scientists should think more about sex Climate change can have a different impact on male and female fish, shellfish and other marine animals, with widespread implications for the future of marine life and the production of seafood.
Acid trip makes clumsy cone snails miss their prey Deadly cone snails are too clumsy to catch their prey when exposed to the levels of ocean acidification expected under predicted climate change, according to new research published in Biology Letters.
Action is needed to make stagnant CO2 emissions fall 2016 marked the third year in a row when global carbon dioxide emissions remained relatively flat, but actual declines won't materialize without advances in carbon capture and storage technology and sustained growth in renewables.
Climate changes may lead to more poisonous mercury in plankton Global warming is expected to increase runoff and input of organic matter to aquatic ecosystems in large regions of the Northern hemisphere including the Baltic Sea. Research performed in Sweden is now indicating a sevenfold increase in poisonous methylme
Where the wild things are As climate change and biological invasions continue to impact global biodiversity, scientists at Colorado State University and the University of Colorado-Boulder suggest that the way organisms move to new areas, called range expansion, can be impacted dir
Toxic mercury in aquatic life could spike with greater land runoff A highly toxic form of mercury could jump by 300 to 600 percent in zooplankton -- tiny animals at the base of the marine food chain -- if land runoff increases by 15 to 30 percent, according to a new study. And such an increase is possible due to climate
Antidote for partisanship? In science, curiosity seems to work Disputes over science-related policy issues such as climate change or fracking often seem as intractable as other politically charged debates. But in science, at least, simple curiosity might help bridge that partisan divide, according to new research.
A crab's eye view of rising tides in a changing world Coastal ecosystems and aquifers will be greatly affected by climate change, not only from rising temperatures and more volatile weather, including changes in precipitation patterns, but also from sea level rise.
Pope spurs Republicans to shift climate views After Pope Francis framed climate change as a moral issue in his second encyclical, conservative Republicans shifted and began to see environmental dilemmas in the same way, according to a new study led by Cornell University communication researchers
Researchers report new understanding of global warming Researchers know that more, and more dangerous, storms have begun to occur as the climate warms. A team of scientists has reported an underlying explanation, using meteorological satellite data gathered over a 35-year period.
Humans, not climate change, wiped out Australian megafauna New evidence involving the ancient poop of some of the huge and astonishing creatures that once roamed Australia indicates the primary cause of their extinction around 45,000 years ago was likely a result of humans, not climate change.
Caves in central China show history of natural flood patterns Researchers at the University of Minnesota have found that major flooding and large amounts of precipitation occur on 500-year cycles in central China. These findings shed light on the forecasting of future floods and improve understanding of climate chan
Harvests in the US to suffer from climate change Some of the most important crops risk substantial damage from rising temperatures. To better assess how climate change caused by human greenhouse gas emissions will likely impact wheat, maize and soybean, an international team of scientists now ran an unp
Hottest year on record a wake up call to incoming US president Hottest year on record a wake up call to incoming US president
Reacting to news that 2016 was the hottest year on record across the world, Friends of the Earth CEO Craig Bennett said:
“This is a clear warning that world leaders
Mitochondrial DNA shows past climate change effects on gulls To understand the present and future, we have to start with the past. A new study in The Auk: Ornithological Advances uses the mitochondrial DNA of Heermann's gulls to draw conclusions about how their population has expanded in the Gulf of California sinc
Climate change to shift global pattern of mild weather As scientists work to predict how climate change may affect hurricanes, droughts, floods, blizzards and other severe weather, there's one area that's been overlooked: mild weather. But no more.NOAA and Princeton University scientists have produced the fir
Finding ways to fix the climate before it's too late Scientists and policymakers rely on complex computer simulations called Integrated Assessment Models to figure out how to address climate change. But these models need tinkering to make them more accurate.
New England's 1816 'Mackerel Year' and climate change today In the latest issue of Science Advances, Karen Alexander at UMass Amherst and aquatic ecologists, climate scientists and environmental historians in New England recount their many-layered, multidisciplinary investigation into the catastrophic effects of t
Study tracks 'memory' of soil moisture SMAP's first year of observational data has now been analyzed and is providing some significant surprises that will help in the modeling of climate, forecasting of weather, and monitoring of agriculture around the world.
As storm surge threatens coast, climate risks must be held at bay As storm surge threatens coast, climate risks must be held at bay
With the eastern coast of England braced for flooding from a storm surge, Friends of the Earth climate campaigner Guy Shrubsole said:
"The east coast has seen terrible f
There's no one-size-fits-all solution to climate change The world's forests are crucial to slowing climate change, but they're being destroyed to make room for farms, mines, and other economic ventures. One solution might be carbon finance: giving companies and countries monetary incentives to reduce carbon em
Northeast US temperatures are decades ahead of global average Results of a new study by researchers at the Northeast Climate Science Center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst suggest that temperatures across the northeastern United States will increase much faster than the global average, so that the 2 degre
Eucalypts spotlight biosecurity failures For more than 100 years, eucalypts -- woody plants that range in size from shrubs to trees -- have been transported from their natural ecosystems in Australia to plantations across the globe. This unique history provides a novel lens for viewing the sprea
Testing how species respond to climate change Predicting how species will respond to climate change is a critical part of efforts to prevent widespread climate-driven extinction, or to predict its consequences for ecosystems.
Short-lived greenhouse gases cause centuries of sea-level rise Even if there comes a day when the world completely stops emitting greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, coastal regions and island nations will continue to experience rising sea levels for centuries afterward, according to a new study by researchers at M